Note: We are not affiliated with any House of Yahweh, that is a 501c3 church, nor any incorporated church.
all glory to Yahweh and to our King, Yahshua Messiah, and with the
understanding of Yahweh’s Spirit, which is Holy, we dedicate this study
to Yahweh and to the advancement of learning for the Saints of Yahweh to
help grow into the Holy House of Yahweh. “To the law and the testimony,
if they speak not according to this word it is because there is no
light in them.”
order to stay with the more scholarly correct pronounciations of the
creator and His Sons name, we have determined to use the name Yahweh,
instead of Lord, God, Jehovah, or Allah. For His Son, we use Yahshua,
instead of Yeshua, Jesus, Iesus, or Lord. So wherever the reader sees
Yahweh, that is the name of the Creator, and wherever they see Yahshua,
that is the name of the Son, or Messiah.
The following article was compiled and written by Kepha Arcemont, a.k.a. Kepha ben Abraham.
YAHWEH’S HOLY GARMENTS FOR THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL
you read this article, nothing here is meant to be offensive to any
religion, whether Jewish or Christian. All the information is for
educational use only.
the Law of Yahweh, Yahweh tells us, the children of Israel, that we are
to have a reminder of His Laws on our garments. This Law is given to us
as a reminder that Yahweh’s Laws are to be in the forefront of our
minds. They should be first in our thinking in everything that we do.
They are part of the Covenant, which brings us to Messiah. The Law of
Yahweh gives us instruction to make fringes in the borders of our
garments, and is a part of the terms and conditions that Yahweh requires
us to follow, in order to be in a Covenant Relationship, with our
Heavenly Father. We find the following information concerning the Holy
Garment with it’s specific adornments in the book of Numbers.
Numbers 15:38 “Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue.”
if one were to go to the land of Israel, you would see many of the
Orthodox Jewish men wearing a prayer garment, called a Tallit under
their clothes. The Tallit they wear has tassels, called tzitzits, which
are looped on the four corners of the garment. They contain 8 strings
and 5 knots. Below is a picture of different styles tzitzits tied in
Jewish Orthodox observers, wear a smaller tallit under their shirts or
jackets, and others have a larger garment that they wear over their
bodies and heads when doing their prayers 3 times a day. They also put
on the tefillah on their right hands and arm when in prayer to the
creator. They believe the wearing of the Holy Garment is something that
every good Jew should do. They base this on the Law of Yahweh revealed
in Numbers 15:38 and Deuteronomy 22:12. We will examine the Jewish
history and belief, as well as the historical records of other nations
who also had holy garments patterned after the description in the Torah.
HISTORY OF THE JEWISH TALLIT
We find the following information concerning the Jewish Prayer Shawl, called a Tallit, online at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tallit
A tallit (Hebrew: טַלִּית) (talet in Sephardic Hebrew and Ladino) (tallis, in Ashkenazic Hebrew and Yiddish) pl. tallitot (talleisim, tallism,
in Ashkenazic Hebrew and Yiddish) is a Jewish prayer shawl. The tallit
is worn over the outer clothes. A tallit is worn during the morning
prayers (Shacharit) on weekdays, Shabbat and holidays. The tallit has special twined and knotted fringes known as tzitzit
attached to its four corners. The tallit can be made of any materials
except a mixture of wool and linen (a mixture known as shatnez that is
prohibited by the Torah). Most traditional tallitot are made of wool.
Tallit are often given as gifts to children on their Bar Mitzvahs.
Here is a picture of an Orthodox Jew wearing the Tallit.
further about the Tallit, that every good Jew and some Messianic Church
followers wear, we find the following information.
The Bible does not command wearing of a unique prayer shawl or tallit. Instead, it teaches
that people wore an outer garment of some type to cover themselves and
instructs them to add fringes (tzitzit) to the 4 corners of these
garments(Numbers 15:38, Deuteronomy 22:12). These
passages do not specify tying particular types or numbers of knots in
the fringes. Nor do they specify a gender division between men and
women, or between native Israelite/Hebrew people and those assimilated
The law does say however, that a stranger can keep the law as long as
they join into the family and are circumcised.The exact customs
regarding the tying of the tzitzit and the format of the tallit are
post-Biblical and rabbinical and can vary between various Jewish
describes the prayer shawl as "a rectangular mantle that looked like a
blanket and was worn by men in ancient times". Also, it "is usually
white and made either of wool, cotton, or silk". According to the
biblical commandment, a blue (Hebrew תכלת, "tĕkeleth", tek·ā'·leth)
thread (Hebrew פתיל "pethiyl") known as "tekeleth" itself, is included
in the tzitzit.
Please notice some points in this revealing of the Jewish Holy Garment.
you notice the above information, we can see that nothing in this
Jewish Garment appears to be from the scriptures, other than the tassel
or fringe, but more of an interpretation of the scriptures by the
Rabbi/Jewish leaders. Let’s look at what the Encylopedia Judaica says of
it’s origins, taken online from: http://www.judaism-101.com/tallit
Although wearing a tallit is not specifically commanded in the Bible, there is a commandment in the Bible to tie fringes to the corners of your outer garments (Numbers 15:38, Deuteronomy 22:12). This was interpreted by the sages to be a specific garment: the tallit, and that it should be used in Jewish prayer. Thus throughout the generations the Jewish prayer shawl has been preserved as a garment for prayer.
Now I ask you the reader, should you as a true believer wear something that is not in the Holy Scriptures,
and was interpreted by the sages and rabbi’s? Why would we wear
something that is interpreted by a man, who as far as we know wasn’t
inspired by Yahweh? Shouldn’t we follow Yahweh, instead of the sages?
All religions must be careful in thinking that they somehow are the
chosen ones and all other religions are false. In order to come into
unity, we must learn to reason together as a body. When in Israel, if
you don’t pray with a tallit in the Orthodox community, then you are
considered to not be a true Hebrew, or Jew. They take the wearing of the
Tallit and Tefillin as strictly commanded. They are strict in their
interpretation of the Law. We will find out more about this in the
study. Let’s get some more information on this subject and see what the
Jews/Messianic Churches practice in regard to their traditions.
A tallit is worn during the morning prayers on Shabbat; Jewish holidays
and throughout the week. Traditionally only men wore a tallit, but more
recently in liberal Jewish communities men and women are wearing prayer shawls. The bar mitzvah and bat mitzvah;
the Jewish ‘coming of age’ ceremony, is the first time a young person
will wear a tallit. This is the first time a young person is called up
to the Torah for an aliyah, and so customarily they wear a tallit. Thus a tallit is often given as a bar mitzvah gift or bat mitzvah gift. In Ashkenazi communities a young man will wear a small tallit until the time that he is married, and then he will exchange this for a tallit gadol.
The tallit is put on before the morning prayers and before putting on tefillin. When the tallit is put on every morning there is a special prayer shawl blessing that is said in Hebrew:
ברוך אתה יי אלוהינו מלך העולם
Barukh atah Adonai, Eloheinu, melekh ha’olam
Blessed are you, Lord, our God, sovereign of the universe
אשר קדשנו במצותיו וצונו להתעטף בציצית
asher kidishanu b’mitz’votav v’tzivanu l’hit’ateif ba-tzitzit
Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to wrap ourselves in the tzitzit.
This tallit prayer
is said while holding the tallit in front of you, and then it is put
over the shoulders and you hold it over your head and face for a moment,
then the tallit is
draped over the shoulders like a shawl. The tallit should sit
comfortably on the shoulders during prayers, but will need re-adjusting
from time to time. For this reason a tallit clip is used by some people to keep the prayer shawl in place during prayers.
Now understand what you are reading above is 100% traditions, none of the above information is from the Law of Yahweh! This practice, revealed above, comes from sages and rabbi’s interpretations
of the Law concerning wearing tzitzits on your garments and the type
and style of the Tallit or prayer shawl. Even the prayer is made up by
rabbi’s! So now should we follow the customs of the East? The customs of
the Jews? The customs of the Rabbi’s? The customs of Messianic
Churches? I think most true believers would answer NO to the above
questions, and that we should not be ensnared into following traditions!
There is nothing wrong with traditions as long as they are not against
scripture, but religious leaders should be careful into teaching
commandments of men, as commandments of Yahweh. Traditions separate
people of faith!
Etymology of the Word Tallit
is an Aramaic word from the root tll טלל meaning cover. Tallit
literally means cloak or sheet but in Talmudic times already referred to
the Jewish prayer shawl. The tallit is similar to the Roman pallium
worn today by senior Roman Catholic priests, the Roman toga and the Arab
keffiyeh. The tallit or other similar garment is suitable for the
climate in West Asia: typically the days are hot and the talit can be
draped around the body and head to provide cover from the sun or just
bunched up on the shoulders for later evening use; the evenings can be
dramatically cool and the talit could be draped around the neck and
shoulders like a scarf to provide warmth.
Kabbalists considered the tallit as a special garment for the service
of God, intended, in connection with the tefillin, to inspire awe and
reverence for God at prayer. The tallit is worn by worshipers at the
morning prayer on weekdays, Shabbat,
and holy days; by the hazzan (cantor) at every prayer while before the
ark; and by the reader of Torah, as well as by all other functionaries
during the Torah service.
use of the tallit begins in the Biblical period around 1800 BCE. The
ancient Jewish tallit design was different than that known today. Originally
it was a large white rectangular garment with tzitzyot in each corner
and was used as a garment, bed sheet, and burial shroud.
In the book The Ancient Jewish Shroud At Turin by John N. Lupia; Lupia
shows the historical development of the tallit when its design began to
change during the second half of the first century CE and began to take
on the forms known today beginning around 1000 CE.
The long tradition of a single orthodox form of the tallit became
modified in a more culturally diverse atmosphere and continued to change
throughout time until it became permuted and shortened in length as the
kitel, tallit katan, tallit gadol, and the more common tallit prayer
shawl form know today.
the Diaspora, Jews are buried in a plain, wooden casket. The corpse is
collected from the place of death (home, hospital, etc.) by the chevra kadisha (burial committee). After a ritual washing of the body, the body is dressed in a kittel (shroud) and then a tallit. One of the tzitzit is then cut off. In the Land of Israel, burial is without a casket, and the kittel and tallit are the only coverings for the corpse.
I ask you, does Yahweh want us to wear a burial clothe to remember His
Laws? We are not dead to Yahweh, His Laws are not dead, and neither is
His Son, Yahshua Messiah! The Law does not specify to bury a Hebrew in a
Tallit, so this is most likely another Jewish tradition. Reading
further about the Jewish Holy Garment we find two types of Tallits.
The tallit katan, or "small" tallit, is a fringed undergarment worn by Orthodox Jews. Some hasidic
Jews wear a tallit katan on top of their shirts. The rules of a tallit
katan are the same as that of a tallit "Gadol" in tying and materials.
Below is a picture of a tallit katan.
Catholic linen Amice.
The tallit gadol (traditionally known as tallét gedolah amongst Sephardim), or "large" tallit, is worn over one's clothing resting on the shoulders. This is the prayer shawl
that is worn during the morning services in synagogue by all male
participants, and in many communities by the leader of the afternoon and
evening prayers as well. The tallit gadol is usually woven of wool — especially amongst Ashkenazim. Some Spanish and Portuguese Jews use silk tallitot. Today some tallitot are made of polyester and cotton. Tallitot
may be of any colour but are usually white with black, blue or white
stripes along the edge. Sizes of tallitot vary, and are a matter of
custom and preference. Some are large enough to cover the whole body
while others hang around the shoulders, the former being more common
amongst Orthodox Jews, the latter among Conservative, Reform and other
denominations. The neckband of the tallit, sometimes woven of silver or
gold thread, is called the atarah. The tallit gadol is often kept in a dedicated pouch or cloth bag, which can be quite simple or ornately decorated.
have been witness to certain Messianic Churches who wear the Jewish
Holy Garments, but for some reason they only allow the men to wear them.
This is their tradition and understanding within their specific group.
There is no scriptural explanation to back up their belief, other than
they consider them to be a Priestly Holy Garment for men. Let’s examine
some more history into this tradition!
Historically, women have not been obligated to wear a tallit, since they are not bound to perform positive mitzvot which are time-specific, and the obligation to wear a tallit only applies by day. Many early authorities did permit women to wear a tallit,
such as Isaac ibn Ghiyyat (b. 1038), Rashi (1040–1105), Rabbeinu Tam
(ca 1100–1171), Zerachya ben Yitzhak Halevi of Lunel (ca. 1125–1186),
Rambam (1135–1204), Rabbi Eliezer ben Yoel Halevi (ca 1140–ca 1225),
Rashba (1235–1310), Aharon Halevi of Barcelona (b. ca 1235?), Rabbi
Yisrael Yaaqob Alghazi (1680–1761), Rabbi Yomtob ben Yisrael Alghazi
(1726–1802)). There was, however, a gradual movement towards prohibition, mainly initiated by the Medieval Ashkenazi Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg (the Maharam). The Rema states that while women are technically allowed to don a tallit it would appear to be an act of arrogance (yuhara) for women to perform this commandment. The Maharil and the Targum Yonatan Ben Uziel
both view a talit as a “male garment” and thus find that a woman
wearing a talit to be in violation of the precept prohibiting a woman
from wearing a man’s garment.
In contemporary Orthodox Judaism, there
is a debate on the appropriateness of women wearing tzitzit which has
hinged on whether women are allowed to perform commandments from which
they are exempt.
According to Rabbi Joseph Soloveitchik the issue depends on the
intention with which such an act is undertaken, eg whether it is
intended to bring a person closer to the Almighty, or for political or
protest purposes. Other commentators hold that women are prohibited
generally, without making an individual inquiry. The view that women donning a tallit
would be guilty of arrogance is cited as applying to attempts of making
a political statement as to the ritual status of the genders,
particularly in the Modern Orthodox community, are generally more inclined to regard contemporary women's intentions as religiously appropriate.
Rabbi Moshe Feinstein wrote that permission is granted to every woman who wishes to fulfil even those mitzvot
which the Torah did not obligate; and they indeed fulfil a mitzvah and
receive the reward for the fulfilment of ït including saying the
appropriate associated blessing (as with shofar, lulav etc. And also tzitzit
are applicable for a woman who desires to wear a four cornered garment -
it should be different than a man’s garment - and by attaching tzitzit, she fulfils this mitzvah.
Yisrael Yaaqob Alghazi and Rabbi Yomtob ben Yisrael Alghazi held that
the observance of this mitzvah by women was not only permitted but
actually commendable, since such diligence amongst the non-obligated
would inspire these women's male relatives to be even more diligent in
their own observance.
on what Rabbi, you believe and follow, we can see there is much debate
and disagreement with this Jewish tradition! So should we be following
traditions of men? Let’s see what Yahshua Messiah said regarding this
Mattithyah 15:1-3,7-9 “Then came to Yahshua scribes and Pharisees, which were of Yerusalem, saying; Why do your Disciples transgress the traditions of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread? But He answered and said unto them, Why do you also transgress the Laws of Yahweh by your traditions?
You Hypocrites, well did Isayah prophesy of you, saying, “This people
draw near to me with their mouth, and honor me with their lips; but
their heart is far from me. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for
doctrines the Laws of men!”
Yahchanan Mark 7:9 “And he said unto them, Full well you reject the Law of Yahweh, that you may keep your own tradition.”
can see from the Greatest Teacher in the World, Yahshua Messiah, that
we can be guilty of transgressing the Laws of Yahweh, if we follow the
tradition of men! As we can see from the above information concerning
the Tallit, as revealed to us by the Jews and Messianic Churches
understanding, we would be rejecting Yahweh if we follow their
understanding of this Law, if it is contrary to the scriptures! We are warned time and time again, by Yahshua and the Apostles to not follow the traditions of men.
Colossians 2:8 “Beware
that no one leads you away like a prize because of philosophy or empty,
false statements, according to the traditions of men, after the elements of the world, and not after the Messiah!”
JUDAISM, AND WHAT IS REQUIRED TO BE A JEW
today’s world we find that there are three major religions that many
people are born into, or convert to: Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.
This is done by personal choice and each person has their own reasoning
as to why they want to convert. I will focus on Judaism, because it is
Judaism that is closest to our belief system of wearing the holy
garments, in worship to Yahweh. Most sacred name organizations, utilize
more of the Judaic teachings to prove their points concerning how to
observe Yahweh’s Laws. Many of these groups think that the Jews are
closer to the truth since they have an ancient observance and have
passed down parts of the Hebrew heritage from generation to generation,
to our present time.
one time I thought the same thing! However, lately through research, I
have found that Judaism is a mixture of history, interpretations, and
traditions! Most aspects of what we would consider the Law of Yahweh,
upon further research, is found to be traditions of the Rabbi’s/Elders,
who have inserted their comments and interpretations into what we would
consider the Pure Word of Yahweh. Two examples is the tallit, and the
numbering of the Laws. Both of these as taught by Judaism, give us an
impression that they are taken directly from the Law, however, when
studied out, we find no reference to Yahweh saying He has 613 Laws, nor
do we find in His Law that He says to tie tzitzits with 8 strings or 5
knots. Both of these teachings is Judaic traditions handed down to us by
the ancient Rabbi’s. We will explore one of these traditions in our
study of the Holy Garments in this letter. Now I am not condemning
traditions as long as they don’t come from pagan religions and force the
believer into thinking if they don’t follow them, they are sinning. I
think it is important for us to examine interpretations of Judaism view
of the Law. We need to consider that if we are going to follow
traditions or interpretations from the Jewish rabbi’s, we must
investigate their origins and if they aren’t scripturally accurate, then
we must ask Yahweh for guidance and understanding so that we follow the
closest to the truth as possible. The scriptures say to prove all
things! This article is not intended to offend our Jewish brethren, but
to point out that their interpretation of the the Law on Holy Garments,
may not be the only design that can be worn, or necessarily the correct
design. We intend to view this subject with an open mindset and let you
the reader see into this subject without discriminating and seeing some
of the history of other cultures.
should we be following the traditions of the Rabbi’s? Should we be
learning on how to be become a Good Jew? And most importantly, should we
be following the Judaic teachings, that so many sacred name
organizations follow? While Judaism, like Christianity, has some truths
to it, we will find one doctrine that Judaism teaches, which should alarm any true believer of Yahweh.
Let’s examine the conversion process that one has to go through in
order to be a part of Judaism, and see the major warning sign, that
anyone who is attempting to be a true called out one of Yahweh, should
be fully aware of and consider when studying the teachings of the
CONSIDERING JUDAISM AND IT’S TEACHINGS
conversion process begins when a person considers the possibility of
becoming Jewish. The reasons why people become Jewish are varied. Many
are involved in a romantic relationship with someone Jewish and wish to
unite the family religiously. Others are on a spiritual search and learn
about Judaism through such means as reading, hearing a lecture,
attending a Jewish religious ceremony, visiting the land of Israel, and
so on. Whatever the motivation, the first step in considering conversion
is to explore Judaism.
This early exploration might include discussing the subject with
friends and family, taking out books and videos on Judaism, going online
and studying it, or just thinking about whether conversion is the right
FINDING A RABBI OR TEACHER
after the initial consideration, a person wishes to explore conversion
more fully, the next step is to find a rabbi. This part of the process
can be difficult for several reasons. Obviously, individual rabbis
differ. Some devote more time than others to conversion candidates. Some
adhere to an ancient tradition of turning away a candidate three times
to test the candidate's sincerity. In general, though, rabbis are
extremely dedicated people who are both intelligent and religiously
sensitive. They are Judaism's gatekeepers. They decide who can enter into Judaism.
Given their central importance to a potential convert, it makes sense
for most people to visit several rabbis and several synagogues to look
for a compatible match.
people are looking for a rabbi, they check with friends and family for
advice, or they contact a local board of rabbis or other Jewish group,
the internet, or the local telephone directory. Sometimes they also
contact the movements directly.
second problem is that rabbis belong to different groupings or
movements. The four major movements are Conservative, Orthodox,
Reconstructionist, and Reform Judaism. It is important for potential
candidates to understand the differences among these movement and choose
which movement is right for them. When a person does see a rabbi, the
rabbi can authoritatively answer questions about conversion. If the
person has already decided to convert, the rabbi will probably ask a
series of questions about that decision. Such questions might include
some of these:
- The bible does not command wearing a unique prayer shawl or tallit.
- The Jews presume that people wore this garment, or an outer garment of some type.
- The scripture in Numbers 15:38, Deuteronomy 22:12 do not specify tying particular types and numbers of knots in the fringes.
- They do not specify a gender division between men and women.
exact custom regarding tying the tzittzit and the format of the tallit
are post-Biblical and rabbinical and vary between various Jewish
a decision has been made to study Judaism, and a rabbi has agreed to
oversee that studying, a person might not yet be fully sure that a
conversion is right, but the initial steps of exploration will continue.
Even those who don't ultimately convert generally find that studying
Judaism is both interesting and helpful in their making a final decision
about conversion. Converts study Judaism in a variety of ways. Some
work directly with a rabbi, meeting regularly and fulfilling specific
study assignments. Others attend formal Introduction to Judaism or
conversion classes, often with their Jewish romantic partner. A typical
course of study will include basic Jewish beliefs and religious
practices, such as prayer services, the history of the Jewish people,
the Jewish home, the Jewish holidays and life cycle, the Holocaust, and
Israel, as well as other topics. The study of Hebrew is also included.
The period of study varies greatly. In general, the range is from six
months to a year, although there are variations. Many Gentiles preparing
to marry someone Jewish go through this process early so as to get
married in a Jewish ceremony. A marriage between someone born Jewish and
someone who becomes Jewish is a Jewish marriage, not an intermarriage.
If this is a crucial issue, plan to begin study well before a wedding.
Usually during this study period, a rabbi will ask that the person begin
practicing Judaism according to the understanding of the movement. This
can be a worthwhile time to explore Judaism. For example, even if a
person does not ultimately plan to keep kosher (observe Jewish ritual
rules about food), it is valuable to explore the rules for keeping
kosher during this period of study.
THE RELIGIOUS COURT
Religious Court, or Bet Din, most often consists of three people, at
least one of whom must be a rabbi. The Bet Din officially oversees the
formal conversion. Individual rabbis will provide guidance about how the
Bet Din works. Because it takes place after learning, one part of the
appearance will be to determine the Jewish knowledge of the conversion
candidate. There might, for example be a question about the meaning of
the Jewish Sabbath or about the Jewish belief in one God.
These questions are not meant to trap candidates. Obviously, candidates
are nervous during such questioning, but in almost all cases the
questions are simply meant to assess the sincerity of the candidate and
to make sure the conversion was entered into freely. Often an oath of allegiance to the Jewish people is made.
Pay attention to the two underlined points in the above paragraph:
- Why do you want to convert?
- What is your religious background?
- What do you know about Judaism?
- Do you know the differences between Judaism and your birth religion?
- Were you pressured to convert?
- Are you willing to spend the necessary time studying to become Jewish?
- Are you willing to raise any children you might have as Jewish?
- Have you discussed this decision with your family?
- Do you have any questions about Judaism or conversion?
two points are somethings that the average person never considers when
studying Judaism, or the teachings of the Rabbi’s. I have heard many
believers tell me how great a resource we have in the teachings of the
Jewish Rabbi’s. Some consider Rabbi Rashi, Maimonides, and Eleazar, as
some of the most influential Rabbi’s in the past 1000 years. Many use
their interpretation of the Law as their basis of understanding
concerning some of the Laws of Yahweh. Now, while it is not my
intentions to condemn any Rabbi or teacher of the Law, there is one
thing these Rabbi’s and every Rabbi who is Jewish have in common. It is
part of their Judaic Religious belief. Their belief in One Creator is
accurate, but they have been in opposition to Christianity because they
exalt Jesus to God-like status. This is where they have missed the whole
concept of Yahshua our Messiah. Before we address this issure, let’s
look at their Oath of Alligiance to be Jewish.
OATH OF ALLEGIANCE
word “Jewish,” it is argued, signifies so many different things to
different people that it is meaningless to ask anyone to swear
allegiance to what it represents. Does it refer to a religion? A people?
An endogamous biological community? A system of values? A common
destiny? To what exactly, it is asked, would the takers of such a
loyalty oath be declaring their loyalty?
too, of course, we are dealing with larger issues that go far beyond
the proposed oath itself. The question of what is “Jewish,” or of who or
what is a “Jew,” has been a contentious one for a long time now — so
long, we sometimes forget that for an even longer time before that, it
was not disputed at all. Until modern times, indeed, although there may
have been different ideas about what being a “Jew” or “Jewish” ideally
should be, hardly anyone disagreed about what the words meant in
practice. A Jew was a member of a Jewish community, and Jewish
communities all over the world were clearly defined entities both in
their own eyes and in the eyes of non-Jews. Being Jewish meant belonging
to a religion and to a people and to a biological community and sharing certain values and having a common destiny. None of these things was thought of as being inconsistent with any of the others.
Israel's character as a "Jewish state" also introduces a religious element to the definition of "Jewish and democratic," since entry into the Jewish people is through conversion. Requiring an oath of allegiance to a Jewish and democratic state may thus present an obstacle when non-Jews seek citizenship. The oath of allegiance, could prevent Righteous Gentiles from receiving Israeli citizenship.
Many people in Israel feel a person must not be forced to take an oath
of allegiance – even indirectly – to a particular ideological outlook, religion, or nationality as a condition for becoming a citizen. It is enough to pledge allegiance to the state.
TO BE A JEW AND RECOGNIZED AS SUCH, ONE MUST REJECT THE ONE SENT, YAHSHUA MESSIAH
Please notice that to be a Jew in Israel, one must be allied to the religion of the Jewish people. That religion is Judaism. So what is the danger of being Jewish or studying the teachings of Rabbi’s? One of the tenets of being Jewish or to convert to Judaism is that you have to reject Yahshua as the Messiah!
Now ask yourself, should we as true believers of Yahweh be studying the
writings of Rabbi’s and their teachings, knowing that they reject
Yahshua as the Messiah? Can you consider their teachings as inspiration
from Yahweh and that they had the Holy Spirit of Yahweh, when
interpreting the Law? How could they be considered inspired by Yahweh,
if they have rejected the ONE SENT, by Yahweh who brings salvation to
mankind? This is one reason as a believer, I have made every attempt to
not use any commentaries or writings of any of these teachers in my
understanding or interpretations of the Laws of Yahweh, or my
explanation concerning them. How could I or any true believer follow
someones teachings, when they outright reject Yahshua as the Messiah?
This would make them anti-Messiah and me a follower of their belief! We
are warned about such teachers!
Isayah 43:27 “Your first father hath sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against me.”
I Timayah 1:7 “Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.”
II Timayah 4:3 “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears.”
II Kepha 2:1 “But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who craftily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Master/Teacher, that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.”
Yeremyah 8:8 “How can we say we are wise and the Law of Yahweh is with us? Behold,
surely the deceptive and false pen of the scribes have deceived us; the
wise men are ashamed (dried up, no water), they are dismayed, and
caught in a trap, for they have rejected the word of Yahweh and what
wisdom is in them?
described the Rabbi’s teachings as bringing in damnable heresies, and
bringing swift destruction upon themselves as well as those who follow
their teachings. The Prophet Yeremyah says that they have rejected the
word of Yahweh and have deceived us with their false pen, their writings
and are caught in a trap! So do we believe these words of those who we
know were inspired by Yahweh or will we follow, or allow ourselves to be
taught by those who reject the word of Yahweh, by rejecting His Son? If
they reject Yahshua as Messiah, they reject the Law of Yahweh that
foretold of Him, and reject the Law of Yahweh as a whole!
Hosheyah 4:6 “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you, that you shall not minister as a priest to me: seeing you have forgotten the Law of your Mighty Judge, I will also forget your children (rabbi’s).”
I Yahchanan 2:22 “Who is a liar but he that denies that Yahshua is the Messiah? He is an adversary of the Messiah, that denies the founder of the family and the founders descendants, called the Sons of Abraham.”
fleshly Jews today call themselves the children of Abraham, according
to the flesh. But they have lost the teachings of Abraham, by following
traditions. Those who have the Spirit of Yahweh are spiritual in every
sense of the word, true sons of Abraham, who are not children according
to the flesh, trying to please the flesh, but are according to the
Spirit, trying to please Yahweh! So the builder of the House, which is
Yahweh, is greater than the House!
Hebrews 3:1-4 “Therefore, Holy brethren, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Yahshua,
the Apostle and High Priest whom we confess. He was faithful to the one
who appointed Him, just as Mosheh was faithful all in Yahweh’s House.
Yahshua has been found worthy of greater honor than Mosheh, just as the
builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself. For every
house is built by someone, but Yahweh is the builder of everything.”
Hebrews 11:10 “For he looked for a city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is Yahweh.”
YAHSHUA MESSIAH THE FIRST HOUSE OF YAHWEH, A HOUSE BUILT WITHOUT HANDS
built the first House of Yahweh, called Yahshua Messiah. This House
once established, was set as a pattern for us on how to build our House
of Yahweh. It is not a physical building, but a House built without
hands. In order to build it, we need to have righteous teachings, not
teachings from those who reject the plans. Think about this, as you
consider this study and the next time you pick up a Commentary from a
Isayah 2:2 “And it shall come to pass in the last 319 days 3117, [that] the mountain 2022 of the LORD'S 3068 house 1004 shall be established 3559 in the top 7218 of the mountains 2022, and shall be exalted 5375 above the hills 1389; and all nations 1471 shall flow 5102 unto it.”
The word last is word #319 and means: after part, end; latter part, extreme part; end, issue, event; latter time (prophetic for future time); posterity; last, hindermost
The word days is word #3117 and means: day, time, year.
The word mountain is word #2022 and means: hill, mountain, hill country, mount; the holy mountain of Yahweh; a mountain tract of country.
The word Lord’s is word #3068 and means: Yahweh
The word house is
word #1004 and means: house, dwelling habitation; house as containing a
family; household, family; those belonging to the same household;
family of descendants, descendants as organized body. From #1129 and
means: rebuild, establish, to build a house (ie. establish a family).
The word established is word #3559 and means: to be set up, be established, be fixed; to be firmly established; to constitute, appoint; to be prepared, to be founded.
The word top is word #7218 and means: head, top, summit, upper part, chief, total, sum, height, front, beginning; chief, head (of man, city, nation, place, family, priest); chief, choicest, best.
The word exalted is word #5375 and means: to lift, bear up, carry, take; to be taken away, be carried off, be swept away;
The word hills is word #1389 and means: hill (lower than a mountain); as a place of illicit worship.
The word nations is word #1471 and means: nation, a people; usually of non-Hebrew people; of descendants of Abraham; a confluence of men, body corpus.
The word flow is word #5102 and means: to shine, beam, light, burn; to shine; to give light, to be glad, rejoice.
In Micahyah 4:1 the word people is used in place of nations, as mentioned in Isayah 2:2. This word people is word #5971 and means: people; members of ones people; countrymen, kindred, relatives; the tribes of Israyl.
So we can see that Isayah 2:2 has the meaning:
it shall come to pass in latter part of days, that the Holy mountain of
Yahweh’s House, those belonging to the same family, descendants as an
organized body, shall be established, set up, constituted, to be founded
in the beginning, by head of man, chief priest, of the Holy Mountain of
Yahweh, and shall be lifted up, bear up, to be taken away, above the
place of illicit worship, and all people of non-Hebrew and descendants
of Abraham; a confluence of men, the tribes of Israel, shall shine,
burn, to give light, be glad, and rejoice unto it.”
Messiah is the light unto the world. He became the first House built
without hands. He was an example unto us and because He was the first
perfected of Yahweh, He became the Head over mankind. He also became the
High Priest over the House of Yahweh. He is our salvation! No one will
ever take His position, nor will Yahweh allow anyone to take this
authority. He is the greatest teacher of the Torah! He was not God in
the Flesh! This is why Judaism has stumbled for so long! If they had
stood in Yahweh’s counsel, they would have understood the ONE SENT for
salvation. They would have understood that at His first coming, He was
not here to rule in the flesh, establishing a fleshly Kingdom. He came
to establish a spiritual Kingdom, consisting of spiritual brothers and
sisters. Why would Yahweh have the need to send His Son to fight a
fleshly Kingdom and war against it? Mankind does that quite well on
their own. Yahweh could just wipe us all out and start over again, if He
wanted to! He sent Yahshua Messiah to show mankind that it is possible
to achieve perfection in the flesh, through His Laws, and prove that we
can withstand evil. Yahshua only had the Laws to guide Him. He wasn’t
saved by grace or by himself. He kept the Laws so that through the Laws,
we could understand the difference between righteousness and evil. For
anyone to believe otherwise, they should stop reading this article
because it will not benefit them, if they can’t get this simple
JUDAISM’S VIEW OF YAHSHUA MESSIAH
The following information was taken from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judaism%27s_view_of_Jesus
Jews have traditionally seen Jesus as one of a number of false messiahs who have appeared throughout history. Jesus is viewed as having been the most influential, and consequently the most damaging, of all false messiahs. However,
since the general Jewish belief is that the Messiah has not yet come
and that the Messianic Age is not yet present, the total rejection of
Jesus as either messiah or deity in Judaism has never been a central
issue for Judaism. At the heart of Judaism are the Torah, its
commandments, the Tanakh, and ethical monotheism such as in the Shema —
all of which predated Jesus. (Editors note: If they understood who
Yahshua was, they would realize that the Torah wrote about Him, thereby
not predating Him. Even Abraham understood the need for Messiah)
has never accepted any of the claimed fulfilments of prophecy that
Christianity attributes to Jesus. Judaism also forbids the worship of a
person as a form of idolatry, since the central belief of Judaism is the
absolute unity and singularity of God.
eschatology holds that the coming of the Messiah will be associated
with a specific series of events that have not yet occurred, including
the return of Jews to their homeland and the rebuilding of The Temple, a
Messianic Age of peace and understanding during which "the knowledge of
God" fills the earth,
and since Judaism holds that none of these events occurred during the
lifetime of Jesus (nor have they occurred afterwards), he is not a
candidate for messiah.
Judaism believes that God, as the creator of time, space, energy and
matter, is beyond them, and cannot be born or die, or literally have a
son. Judaism teaches that it is heretical for any man to claim to be
God, part of God, or the literal son of God. The Jerusalem Talmud
(Ta'anit 2:1) states explicitly: "if a man claims to be God, he is a
notice the following points about Judaism’s view of Yahshua the
Messiah, that has them not believing that Yahshua is the True Messiah.
- the Jewish belief in One God
- an Oath of Alligiance to the Jewish people
these points should be addressed. First we know that Yahshua is not a
false messiah, as He fulfilled the Laws concerning what the messiah
would do and be. Second, Yahshua never condemned the Law, torah and the
fact that Yahweh is One! Lastly, Yahshua said that He didn’t come in His
Name and never wanted worship! So we can see that Judaism’s slant against Yahshua is based on Christian teachings or Christianities view of the Messiah!
However, in these last days, they still reject the true teachings of
Yahshua Messiah, that is given to them by many of the true believers.
TRUE BELIEVERS VIEW OF YAHSHUA MESSIAH
Here is our belief system concerning Yahshua Messiah:
- they believe Yahshua is a false messiah
- the heart of Judaism is the torah, it’s commandments, the Tanakh, and monotheism
- Judaism doesn’t accept Christianities prophecy fulfillments of Yahshua
- Judaism forbids worship of a person, and believe Yahweh to be one.
So why is it that Judaism, would condemn the true believers of Yahweh? Well,
maybe we need to present them with the truth, so that they can repent
of their religion, which like most religion is built upon man made
traditions, and follow the truth!
As you read above, they are still thinking in the flesh! They are
looking for a physical building, (Temple) built with hands, looking to
return to a homeland that is not here on earth, but above, and looking
for peace and understanding, yet rejecting the one who taught these
principles. Trying to accomplish this, while they are at constant war
with their neighbors, who may be their brothers. They also cannot
understand the principle that Yahweh is building a family, and that we
are His Sons! Now I am not condemning them, only pointing out that those
who think in the flesh, can only understand the things of the flesh.
Those who think in the Spirit, will understand the things from on high
given by the Spirit of Yahweh. We must remember that Judaism rejects
Yahshua Messiah. It will be our job to teach them who the real Yahshua
Messiah was and is! As we put these Laws together for the Tribes of
Israel, the real lost tribes is those of Judah, who are called Jews, and
it is my prayer that they will come to understanding of Yahweh’s true
revealing of His Laws. And it is my prayer that they will accept the
true Messiah, Yahshua, who brings salvation to mankind.
are some who will find this teaching on the Holy Garments offensive
because they have been taught to follow a certain way for most of their
life. Or maybe they will defend their Rabbi, as the great teacher, and will reject the truth of Yahweh.
I cannot make anyone understand Yahweh’s truth, only preach what Yahweh
inspires me to write as Yahshua reveals the understanding to me, and I
relay it to you, the reader. I can only say that if you can prove it
wrong, then correct it and follow truth! If this helps you study, then
Praise Yahweh. Whether you prove it right or wrong, as long as it gets
you off your rear end and study, then I have accomplished something
worth mentioning! That is what we are all required to do. I am not an
expert on the Hebrew, Greek, or even the English language. But I do have a sincere desire to follow Yahweh’s Laws, and will attempt to only write what Yahweh reveals to me to be Truth! I know that I have been called out by Yahweh to do the work of a minister, and I will continue to do it. Don’t follow me, follow the Greatest Teacher in the World, Yahshua Messiah!
Rabbi’s have attempted to bring understanding on what they see as the
correct interpretation of Numbers 15:38 and Deuteronomy 22:12,
concerning the Holy Garments. There are millions of followers who wear
the Tallit as described in the above mentioned articles describing the
Tallit’s history. So are these millions of devoted worshippers wrong?
No! It is not the editors intention to condemn anyone’s belief system or
their traditions. I will do my best to explain according to the Law and
the Prophets as to what this Garment with fringes on the borders is,
and the purpose for the true believers wearing of it. There have been
many books written about it, and most take the teachings, or customs from the East,
(Rabbinical/Judaic teachings) in their approach to it’s understanding.
We will think outside the box, and stay away from the teachings of men,
who we have proved were not inspired by Yahweh’s Holy Spirit, and let
the scriptures interpret the scriptures! May Yahweh bless your
understanding of this Law of Yahweh.
my 20+ years of wearing the Tallit, I followed the teachings as taught
to me by a Rabbi, who I believed to have the understanding of being
inspired by Yahweh. It wasn’t until I read other writings and the
origins of the Tallit’s Jewish tradition, that I became aware that the
Rabbi/Teacher I had followed, did not reveal to me any new
understanding, or inspiration, from the Law of Yahweh. But instead, followed the traditions of the Jewish Rabbi’s from the East! We are warned about such practices as foretold by the prophet Isayah.
Isayah 2:6 “You, O Yahweh, have forsaken Your people, the house of Yaaqob, because they are filled with customs from the east, they are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they are pleased in the children of strangers.”
this was written in the land called Israel, the east would have been in
a land other than Israel. So let us see what Isayah was speaking about.
Let’s examine the Philistines religious beliefs and the religions of the East.
THE EASTERN RELIGIOUS TEACHINGS, CUSTOMS FROM THE EAST
was the principal deity of the Philistines, whose ancestors migrated to
Palestinian shores from Crete. He was the god of fertility and crops.
Dagon also figured prominently in the Philistine concepts of death and
the afterlife. In addition to his role in the religion of the
Philistines, Dagon was worshipped in the more general society of
years after the arrival of the Minoan forefathers of the Philistines,
the immigrants adopted elements of Canaanite religion. Eventually the
primary religious focus shifted. The worship of the Great Mother, the
original religion of the Philistines, was traded for the paying of
homage to the Canaanite deity, Dagon.
the Canaanite pantheon, Dagon seems to have been second only to El in
power. He was one of four sons born to Anu. Dagon was also the father of
Baal. Among the Canaanites, Baal eventually assumed the position of god
of fertility, which Dagon had previously occupied. Dagon was sometimes
associated with the half fish female deity Derceto (which may account
for the theory of Dagon being portrayed as half fish). Little else is
known of Dagon's place in the Canaanite pantheon, but his role in
Philistine religion as primary deity is quite evident. It is known, however, that the Canaanites imported Dagon from Babylonia.
We can see that the Philistines/Canaanites worshiped Dagon, who was the father of Baal and second only to El. What is interesting to see is that the Canaanites imported Dagon from Babylon! Let’s examine the Babylonians in their beliefs! Babylon is located East of Israel.
is a set of stories depicting the activities of Babylonian deities,
heroes, and mythological creatures. These stories served many social,
political, ceremonial purposes, and at times tried to explain natural
phenomena. Babylonian mythology and religion was largely centered around
Babylonian mythology was greatly influenced by their Sumerian counterparts,
and was written on clay tablets inscribed with the cuneiform script
derived from Sumerian cuneiform. The myths were usually either written
in Sumerian or Akkadian. Some Babylonian texts were even translations
into Akkadian from the Sumerian language of earlier texts, though the
names of some deities were changed in Babylonian texts. Many of the
stories of the Tanakh, are believed to have been based on, influenced
by, or inspired by the legendary mythological past of the Near East.
So we see that Babylonian religion was greatly influenced by their Sumerian counterparts. Let’s examine Sumerian beliefs.
Sumerians originally practiced a polytheistic religion, with
anthropomorphic deities representing cosmic and terrestrial forces in
their world. During the middle of the 3rd millennium BCE, Sumerian
deities became more anthrocentric and were "...nature gods transformed
into city gods." Gods like Enki and Inanna were viewed as having been
assigned their rank, power and knowledge from An, the heaven deity, or
Enlil, head of the Sumerian pantheon.
cosmological shift may have been caused by the growing influence of the
neighboring Akkadian religion, or as a result of increased warfare
between the Sumerian city-states; the assignment of certain powers to
deities may have mirrored the appointment of the Lugals, who were given
power and authority by the city-state and its priesthood.
the advent of the Lugals, Sumerian city states were under a virtually
complete theocratic government controlled by independent groups of En,
or high priest. Priests were responsible for continuing the cultural and religious traditions of their city-state,
and were viewed as mediums between humans and the cosmic and
terrestrial forces. The priesthood resided full-time in temple
complexes, and administered to matters of state including the large
irrigation processes necessary for the civilization’s survival.
we can see that the Babylonian and Sumerian religions, had established
Priesthoods. The Priests were responsible for the the religious
traditions transferred to the people in each city/state. Reading from
the Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, Vol. 10 page 285 we find the following information concerning the Babylonian/Sumerians Priestly Garments:
“The priests clothing and the perfection of their persons. Though the priests shown in the early cylinder seals wear dresses practically identical a fringed cloak reaching
to the feet leaving the right arm uncovered and therefore free with
bare feet and generally shaven head there seems to be no doubt that
distinctive clothing was worn. Thus the British Museum letter K 626 RF
Harper Assyrian and Babylonian Letters Chicago 1910 no 24 describes the
maSmaSu as wearing a red robe and a mitre of the same colour Behrens
Assyrisch babylonische Brief e kultischen Inhalts Details as to priestly
clothing are meagre but apparently the right garments had to be used or the ceremony would be a failure.”
bit of information concerning Greek/Dorian dress, from this same
Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, Vol. 7, page 233 we find:
Greek Costume All articles of Greek costume belong either to the class
of kv& na Ta more or less close fitting sewn garments or of Trepi
SXij uara loose pieces of stuff draped round the body in various ways
and fastened with pins or brooches. For the former class the generic name is xirkv a word of Semitic origin which denotes the Eastern origin of the garment for
the latter we find in Homer and early poetry jre7rXos in later times
Iixb Ttov. The 7r rXos also called lavbs and cj S pos in Homer was the
sole indispensable article of dress in early Greece and as it was always
retained as such by the women in Dorian states is often called the
Doric dress t0j s Atopts. It
was a square piece of woollen stuff about a foot longer than the height
of the wearer and equal in breadth to twice the span of the arms
measured from wrist to wrist.” (sorry the greek letters didn’t print correctly)
Doesn’t this sound very similiar to the Tallit Gadol,
worn by the Jews and Messianic Churches today? They wear a rectangular
garment over their clothes when praying, on Sabbath, and at Religous
Festivals. The Jews Tallit Gadol
was a garment made of wool, silk, cotton, or polyester. Some Messianic
Churches only use linen, but they all are wearing something that is not
described in scripture, but can be found in many other nations
religions! In fact, the above article states that these garments are of Eastern origin,
just as the Prophet Isayah condemned the children of Israel for
following. Continuing reading from the Encyclopedia of Religion and
Ethics, Vol. 7, page 234:
i 6 tells us that in his own time the linen chiton of Ionia had again
been discarded in favour of the Doric dress and the monuments show that
after the Persian wars a reaction against Orientalism showed itself in a
return to simpler fashions. The
long linen chiton which had been worn by men as well as women was now
only retained by the male sex on religious and festival occasions a
short chiton was however worn at work or in active exercise Greek Art fig 3 and often fastened on the left shoulder. IV
Etruscan Costume: The female dress of the Etruscans did not differ in
any important respect from that of the Greeks: it consisted of the
chiton and himation, which was in earlier times usually worn as a shawl, not after the fashion of the Doric.”
we read earlier, the Rabbi’s disagree on whether women can wear the
Tallit. We can see that the Greeks had the same discussions and they,
like some Rabbi’s, forbid the women to wear certain religious garments. Can you see the influence of the nations on the Hebrew’s thought process concerning Yahweh’s Laws?
That is why we must follow Yahweh and understand the meanings of what
He is revealing to us in His Laws. Reading further concerning the Romans
customs, on page 235 we find:
tunica was precisely like the Greek chiton; that of the senator had two
broad stripes of purple latus clavus down the centre that of the knight
two narrow stripes angustus clavus. A woollen undergarment subucula was
often worn by men; the women's under tunic was of linen indusium. When
women gave up the use of the toga they adopted the stola; a long tunic
with a border of a darker colour, inslita, along the lower edge the neck
also sometimes had a border patagium. The tunic with long sleeves,
tunica mankata, was a later fashion. Over this the, ricinium, or rica, a shawl, covering the head and shoulders was worn in early times and retained by certain priestesses as an official costume, but it gave place to the palla the equivalent of the Greek, himation and the dress of the Roman women henceforward differed in no essential particular from that of the Greek.”
can see the garment that the Roman Priestesses wore is very similiar to
the garment that every Jew and Messianic Church wears today! Could this
garment that is worn today be a descendant from these pagan Nations?
Isayah preached against the customs of the East and condemned the
children of Israel from following the practices of the Eastern Religions
and the Nations that were around them. I am not saying that it is pagan
to wear a garment over your garments, or to wear anything that is
described above. What is being pointed out is that we don’t have any
specific details as to how the garment was to be made or worn. It
appears that the Jewish garment is very close in detail to the
Babylonian/Sumerian religious garment.
The Encyclopedia Judaica gives the following information concerning the Tallit:
TALLIT (Heb. TyZt, pl. tallitot; Yid. tales, pl. talesim), prayer shawl. Originally the word meant "gown" or "cloak." This was a rectangular mantle that looked like a blanket and was worn by men in ancient times.
At the four corners of the tallit tassels were attached in fulfillment
of the biblical commandment of zizit (Num. 15:38–41). The tallit was
usually made either of wool or of linen (Men. 39b) and probably
resembled the abbayah ("blanket") still worn by Bedouin for protection
against the weather. The tallit made of finer quality was similar to the Roman pallium
and was worn mostly by the wealthy and by distinguished rabbis and
scholars (BB 98a). The length of the mantle was to be a handbreadth
shorter than that of the garment under it (BB 57b). After
the exile of the Jews from Erez Israel and their dispersion, they came
to adopt the fashions of their gentile neighbors more readily.
The tallit was discarded as a daily habit and it became a religious
garment for prayer; hence its later meaning of prayer shawl. The tallit
is usually white and made either of wool, cotton, or silk, although
Maimonides and Alfasi objected to the use of the latter. Strictly
observant Jews prefer tallitot made of coarse half-bleached lamb's wool.
In remembrance of the blue thread of the zizit (see tekhelet), most
tallitot have several blue stripes woven into the white material (see
Zohar, Num. 227a). Until recently, however, they only had black stripes.
The minimum size of a tallit is that which would suffice to clothe a
small child able to walk (Sh. Ar., OH 16:1).
Reading from, http://www.judaic.com/judaism/tallit-historical.html we find the following:
is much confusion among the masses as to the origins of the tallit. The
actual four-cornered garment began with no relevance whatsoever to
Beginning when Moses received the Torah on Mount Sinai, all of Israel
were commanded to place tzitzit on the corners of their four-cornered
garments. (Numbers 15:37-41 and Commandment 376 out of 613 in the Sefer
HaChinuch ISBN 0-87306-605-7). The purpose of such a commandment, as
given by the verses in Numbers, is so that the people of Israel should
glance at the strings and remember all of the commandments of God.
people at the time (both Jews as well as non-Jews) wore clothing that
bears little resemblance to modern apparel. Most clothing consisted of a
sheet-like item wrapped around the body following the local customs of
the time. This can perhaps be compared to the "'abayah," or blanket,
worn by the Bedouins for protection from sun and rain, or the stola/toga
of ancient Greece and Rome. As sheets, these garments had four corners
and were thus subsequently (from Sinai, onwards) required to possess
these tzitzis. As recorded in the Talmud, these were sometimes worn partly doubled, and sometimes with the ends thrown over the shoulders (Shabbos 147a; Menachos 41a).
modern day dawned and people began wearing the apparel with which we
are all quite familiar (shirts and slacks, etc.), the four-cornered
sheet-like cloth fell out of style and practicality, and to this end,
the Biblical commandment to attach tzitzis to one's garments effectively
became obsolete. However, in a demonstration of love for the Almighty
and their desire to keep His commandments, the Rabbis ordained that Jews should purposely wear four-cornered garments to necessitate the attachment of the tzitzis.”
Reading from, http://www.tallit-shop.com/tallit-tefillin-blog/tallis/history-of-yemenite-tallith/ we find the following:
In our day, the use of the tallit is largely confined to times of prayer.
sources indicate that the tallit was originally made of wool and that
the person wearing it might treat it as an ordinary garment for various
purposes – bundling up his wares in it or using it to cover himself or
the bed he was lying on. Based on a responsum written by the Rambam it
appears that the custom during his time was to wear a tallit throughout
Meanwhile Rabbi Petachia of Regensburg, who visited the East in the 12th century, reveals that the Jews of Baghdad
“go about in shawls and wrapped up in a tallit of wool, with tzitzits.”
According to Dr. Aaron Gimani of Bar-Ilan University, the restriction
of the tallit to the morning prayers and the development of the tallit
katan evolved as Jews began to adopt more mainstream social mores.
Notice that the tallit was similiar to the Roman pallium. Also we find in these articles about the Tallit, the Jewish people tended to adopt the fashions of their gentile neighbors. We see that Rabbi Petachia, who visited the EAST in the 12th century, saw Jews of Baghdad, wearing the Tallit, which is like the one they wear today.
has been a habit of most people, especially our Jewish brethren, who
were conquered and dispersed into the nations around them. We tend to
adapt many things from the culture around us. In today’s world everyone
is influenced by the fashions, culture, and influence of mainstream
medias programming on our intellect and our choice of fashion. It was no
different to our Jewish brethren in the past, as they were assimilated
into the cultures around them and influenced by them, they imitated the
customs of these nations, which included their fashions. The
wearing of the Tallit garment today, is one that was ordained and
designed by the Jewish Rabbi’s, not Yahweh, so we should make every
effort to find out what Yahweh defines in His Law!
WHAT DID IT MEAN TO WEAR THE FRINGES IN ANCIENT CULTURE
- Yahshua is the Head/High Priest over man
- Yahshua is the Messiah, or anointed one, sent by Yahweh
is the Son of Yahweh, and was a human being with flesh and blood, just
as we are. As a Son, he proved that we are Sons of Yahweh if we walk as
- Yahshua is not a pre-existent god, nor is He Yahweh in the flesh.
- Yahshua kept the Law, taught the Torah, and brought forth it’s teachings.
- Yahshua fulfilled the prophecies concerning the ONE SENT by Yahweh, who would be the ratification of the Blood Covenant.
- Yahshua said to not worship Him, but to worship Yahweh, who is the standard of perfection.
an article by Jacob Milgrom in BAR magazine dated May/June 1983 we find
the following information concerning the tassels and hem of the garment
during ancient times:
To understand the significance of the tassel, we must first understand the significance of the hem. The hem of an ancient Near Eastern garment was not simply a fold sewed to prevent the threads of the cloth from unraveling.
The hem of the outer garment or robe made an important social
statement. It was usually the most ornate part of the garment. And the
more important the individual, the more elaborate and the more ornate
was the embroidery on the hem of his or her outer robe. The tassel must
be understood as an extension of such a hem.
texts teach us that the ornate hem was considered a symbolic extension
of the owner himself and more specifically of his rank and authority.
we find early Akkadian texts (for example, in 18th-century Mari) which
frequently use the phrase “to cut off the hem” (sisikta bataqu). When
the hem is cut off, a part of the person’s personality is removed. In
exorcising an evil spirit, the exorcist cuts off the hem of the garment
worn by the person invaded by the evil spirit; the exorcist then
pronounces an incantation over his patient’s detached hem. In a
Mesopotamian divorce, the husband effects the divorce by cutting off the
hem of his wife’s robe.
significance of the hem and of its being cut off is reflected in a
famous Biblical episode. When the young and future king, David, fled
from the jealous wrath of King Shaul, Shaul pursued David into the
Judean wilderness near the Dead Sea. Weary from his pursuit, Shaul went
into one of the caves near the spring at Ein Gedi to relieve himself,
unaware that David and his men were hiding in that very cave. David’s
men urged him to kill the unsuspecting Shaul. Instead, David cut the hem
of Shaul’s cloak to prove that he could easily have killed Shaul if he
had wanted to, but that he would not harm the Lord’s anointed. The
passage has a deeper significance, however—in some ways the opposite
significance. The hem that David cut off was an extension of Saul’s
person and authority. David did in fact harm Yahweh’s anointed; that is
why David immediately felt remorse for what he had done: “Afterward
David reproached himself for having cut off the hem of Shaul’s cloak”
I Samuel 24:6
“And he said unto his men, Yahweh forbid that I should do this thing
unto my master, Yahweh’s anointed, to stretch forth my hand against him,
seeing he is the anointed of Yahweh.”
According to the New English Bible translation, David’s “conscience smote him.”
I Samuel 24:5 “And it came to pass afterward, that David’s heart smote him, because he had cut off Shaul’s skirt.”
The word smote is #5221 and means: to strike, to smitten, beat, hit.
The word skirt is #3671 and means: wing, corner, border. edge, extremity.
can see that David had his heart smitten. Anyone who has experienced
fear or excitement, can testify of the adrenalin that is released when
someone gets excited. This is what David felt and with remorse because
he knew what he had done was irreversible, but he also knew that he had
symbolically cut out King Shaul’s kingdom from him.
protesting that he had not lifted a finger or a hand against Yahweh’s
anointed (1 Samuel 24:10), David had in fact committed a symbolic
act—cutting off Shaul’s hem—of enormous significance. This significance
was not lost on King Shaul; he understood full well:
I Samuyl 24:20 “Now I know that you will become king.”
legal significance of the hem is frequently demonstrated in the famous
archive of cuneiform tablets found at Mari in present-day Syria near the
border of Iraq. In Mari, a professional prophet or diviner would
enclose with his report to the king a lock of his hair and a piece of
his hem. Both the hair and the hem served to identify the prophet, but
more important, the piece of hem served to guarantee that the prediction
was true. Sometimes the hem was impressed on the clay tablet as a kind
of signature. Today, a person who cannot write sometimes “signs his
name” by impressing his fingerprints on the document; in ancient
Mesopotamia, a member of the upper class sometimes “signed his name” by
impressing part of his hem on a clay tablet to insure its authenticity.
now have a short history of the tallit, tzitzit, tassels or fringes,
and hems/borders of the garments of ancient civilized nations and their
design. We can see that many nations and their Priests had holy
garments, and their design appears to be very close to the tallit that
the Jewish people wear today. We have seen that the Jewish people
absorbed the culture around them. So is this a coincidence only, or is
there scriptural proof to show that the Tallit worn today is not the
same as the one described in the Law of Yahweh. We will examine the
words and scriptures more in detail to find out. We will also search one
more group of people, of the Hebrew nation, that has been lost to the
Jewish culture and history of the people in the Middle East.
THE DISPERSED TRIBES OF ISRAEL
we get into our study of the words in the Law of the Holy Garments, we
need to examine the dispersed, or as some refer to as the lost tribes of
Israel, who have been forgotten in the pages of our Hebraic history. We
need to remember that those who today are called Jews, would be from
the tribe of Yahdah or Kingdom of Yahdah, which only consisted of two
tribes, Yahdah and Benyamin. That is only two tribes. The children of
Israel had 12 tribes.
Genesis 49:28 “All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this [is it] that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them.”
In many ancient cultures fringes were a well-known style of dress rich with meaning.
Assyrians and Babylonians believed that fringes assured the wearer of the protection of the gods.
fringed hem was ornate in comparison with the rest of the outer robe
and frequently had tassels along the edges. This ornate hem was a
"symbolic extension of the owner and more specifically of the owner's
rank and authority. "
Requests accompanied by grasping the fringes of the one from whom you wanted something could not be refused.
Exorcists used the hem of a patient's garment in their healing ceremonies.
A husband could divorce his wife by cutting off the hem of his wife's robe.
Mari, an ancient city in what is now Syria, a professional prophet or
diviner would enclose with his report to the King a lock of his hair and
a piece of his hem....Sometimes the hem was impressed on a clay tablet
as a kind of signature.
could also be pressed onto the clay instead of the hem. E.A.Speiser has
suggested that when we press the corner fringe of the tallit to the
Torah scroll we are reflecting this ancient custom.
primary significance of the tassel in ancient times was that it was
worn only by those who counted; it was the "I.D. of the nobility."
shows us that after the death of King Solomon, the Kingdom was split
into two Kingdoms. The Southern Kingdom had two tribes, and the Northern
Kingdom had 10 tribes. Reading from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Lost_Tribes we find the following information:
Kingdom of Israel (or Northern Kingdom) was one of the successor states
to the older United Monarchy (also called the Kingdom of Israel), which
came into existence in about the 930s BC after the northern Tribes of
Israel rejected Solomon's son Rehoboam as their king. Nine landed tribes
formed the Northern Kingdom: the tribes of Reuben, Issachar, Zebulun,
Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Ephraim and Manasseh. In addition, some
members of Tribe of Levi, who had no land allocation, were found in the
Northern Kingdom. The Tribes of Judah and Benjamin remained loyal to
Rehoboam, and formed the Kingdom of Judah (or Southern Kingdom). Members
of Levi and the remnant of Simeon were also found in the Southern
Hebrew Bible does not use the phrase "Ten Lost Tribes", leading some to
question the actual number of tribes involved. However, 1 Kings 11:31
states that Yahweh will tear the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon and
give ten tribes to Jeroboam:
I Kings 11:31
“And he said to Jeroboam, Take you ten pieces: for thus saith Yahweh,
the Mighty Judge of Israel, Behold, I will remove the kingdom out of the
hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to you.”
I Kings 11:35 “But I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand, and will give it unto you, even ten tribes.”
it is not clear which tribes should be counted as dispersed. Dispersed
tribes are those that formed the northern Kingdom of Israel after the
dissolution of the united Kingdom of Israel in c. 930 BC. The tribes of
Reuben, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Ephraim, and
Manasseh were parts of the northern kingdom, a total of nine.
has sometimes been said that the Tribe of Simeon was a part of the
northern Kingdom of Israel and was therefore part of the "Ten Lost
Tribes." However, the Tribe of Simeon was never located in the Northern
Kingdom, but was located entirely within the land of Judah. (Joshua
19:1) In addition, the territory of the tribe of Benjamin was part of
the kingdom of Judah at the time of the Babylonian Exile and after, and
the tribe of Levi continued to serve in the Second Temple in Yerusalem
after the Exile, making four tribes (Judah, Simeon, Benjamin and Levi)
who were not actually "dispersed".
concept of the "Ten Lost Tribes" originally began in a religious
context, based on Biblical sources, not as an ethnological idea. Some
scientists have researched the topic, and at various times some have
made claims of empirical evidence of the Ten Lost Tribes. However,
religious and scriptural sources remain the main sources of the belief
that the Ten Lost Tribes have some continuing, though hidden, identity
are numerous references in Biblical writings. In Yechetzqyah 37:16-17,
the prophet is told to write on one stick (an ancient reference to
scrolls) (quoted here in part) "For Yahdah..." and on the other (quoted
here in part) , "For Yahseph..." (the main Lost Tribe). The prophet is
then told that these two groups shall be someday reunited.
Yechetzqyah 37:16,17 “Moreover, thou son of man, take you one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Yahseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions: And join them one to another into one stick; and they shall become one in your hand.”
17th to 20th Century Theories of the Dispersed Tribes
Portuguese traveller Antonio de Montezinos brought back reports that
some of the Lost Tribes were living among the Native Americans of the
Andes in South America. In response to this, Manasseh ben Israel, a
noted rabbi of Amsterdam, wrote on December 23, 1649:
“... I think that the Ten Tribes live not only there ... but also in other lands scattered everywhere; these never did come back to the Second Temple and they keep till this day still the Jewish Religion …”
Antonio de Montezinos
was a Portuguese traveler and a Marrano Sephardic Jew who in 1644
persuaded Menasseh Ben Israel, a rabbi of Amsterdam, that he had found
one of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel living in the jungles of the "Quito
Province" (that is, the Pichincha Province) of Ecuador. This supposed
discovery gave a new impulse to Menasseh's Messianic hopes. Menasseh
wrote a book about this narrative, The Hope of Israel.
In it Menasseh argued, and for the first time tried to give scholarly
support in European thought and printing to the theory that the native
inhabitants of America at the time of the European discovery were
actually descendants of the [lost] Ten Tribes of Israel. The book was
originally written in Hebrew (Mikveh Israel) or in Latin (Spes Israelis) around 1648, but its publication in English in 1650 in London caused great controversy and polemics in England. The
novel theory was never proven, but it held European imagination for a
long time in the centuries to come and had its followers later in
Manoel Dias Soeiro (1604 – November 20, 1657), better known by his Hebrew name Menasseh Ben Israel (also, Menasheh ben Yossef ben Yisrael, also known with the Hebrew acronym, MB"Y),
was a Portuguese rabbi, kabbalist, scholar, writer, diplomat, printer
and publisher, founder of the first Hebrew printing press (named Emeth Meerets Titsma`h) in Amsterdam in 1626.
1655, Manasseh ben Israel petitioned Oliver Cromwell to allow the Jews
to return to England. (Since the Edict of Expulsion in 1290, Jews had
been prohibited by law from living in England.) One of the reasons for
Cromwell's alleged interest in the return of the Jews to England was the
abundance at the time of theories relating to the end of the world.
Many of these ideas were fixed upon the year 1666 and the Fifth Monarchy
Men who were looking for the return of Jesus as the Messiah who would
establish a final kingdom to rule the physical world for a thousand
years. They supported Cromwell's Republic in the expectation that it was
a preparation for the fifth monarchy - that is, the monarchy that should succeed the Babylonia, the Persian, the Greek, and Roman world empires.
in with all of this was a background of general belief that the Lost
Ten Tribes did not represent ethnic Jews who partially formed the
ancient Kingdom of Judah, but tribes who maintained a separate capital
at Samaria. Some have attempted to dismiss this complicated saga by
stating that it is nothing but Supersessionism. However, the ideas
behind these various competing theories are far more complicated,
especially when Sabbatai Zevi, the "messiah" claimant and his supporters
postulated that he represented groups in addition to those identified
as being Jews. However, Zevi lost his credibility to all but the Donmeh
when he converted to Islam and became an apostate to Judaism in 1666.
the latter half of the 18th century, variations on this same theory
were advocated by some who believed that the British Empire of nations
was a manifestation of ancient prophecies recorded in the Book of
Genesis predating both the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah.
Others believe that the Lost Tribes simply merged with the local population. For instance, the New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
states "In historic fact, some members of the Ten Tribes remained in
Palestine, where apart from the Samaritans some of their descendants
long preserved their identity among the Jewish population, others were
assimilated, while others were presumably absorbed by the last Judean
exiles who in 597-586 BC were deported to Assyria...Unlike the Judeans
of the southern Kingdom, who survived a similar fate 135 years later,
they soon assimilated.
Nasranis of Kerala (ancient Malabar)
Nasranis of Kerala, India, are of Hebrew or Israelite heritage but not
much is known of their past, making it difficult to be certain that they
are also descended from the 'Lost Tribes'. (Ref. Dr. Asahel Grant's
'The Nestorians or the Lost Tribes of Israel' for more about the
Nazarenes and Nestorians). However, recent DNA analysis results suggest
significant Middle Eastern / Israelite components among the Nasranis,
also known as Mar Thoma (St. Thomas) Syrian (Syriac) Christians, of
Kerala (ancient Malabar). Dr. Avigdor Shachan, in his book 'In the
Footsteps of the Lost Ten Tribes'(translated from the Hebrew, Devora
Publishing, Jeusalem, New York) refers to this ancient Christian
community and their faith as follows: "One could label the Christianity
which Thomas introduced in Taxila, Malabar and other Israelite
communities in central Asia and along the eastern and western coasts of
India, "Israelite Christianity", an offshoot of the Jewish religion, for
the language, culture, ritual and spirit that prevailed in this ancient
church until the western missionaries arrived was a hybrid of
Aramaic-Syrian-Eretz Israel and Eastern..." Another theory is that the
Middle Eastern DNA found is from travelling Assyrian Nestorian
missionaries who were undoubtedly responsible for bringing Christianity
BENE ISRAEL OF SOUTH ASIA
Bene Israel (Hebrew: "Sons of Israel") are a group of Jews who live in
various Indian cities, Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad. Prior to their waves of
emigration to Israel and still to this day, the Bene Israel form the
largest sector of the subcontinent's Jewish population, and constitute
the bulk of those sometimes referred to as Pakistani Jews. The native
language of the Bene Israel is Judæo-Marathi, a form of Marathi. Most
Bene Israel have now emigrated to Israel. Some researchers believe that
the Bene Israel are descended from the Ten Tribes.
In 2010, Amir Mizroch in the Jerusalem Post
referred to the theory that even Pashtuns in Afghanistan and Pakistan
could be descending from the lost tribe of Efraim. Shahnaz Ali, a senior
research fellow at the Indian National Institute of Immunohaematology
in Mumbai, has started studying the blood samples that she collected
from Afridi Pathans in Malihabad, in the Lucknow district in Uttar
Pradesh, India, to check their putative Israelite origin.
writers have speculated that the Japanese people themselves may be
direct descendants of part of the Ten Lost Tribes. There are some
parallels between Japanese and Israelite rituals, culture, traditions,
and language, which provide some evidence for this possibility. An
article that has been widely circulated and published, entitled "Mystery
of the Ten Lost Tribes: Japan" by Arimasa Kubo (a Japanese writer
living in Japan who studied the Hebrew Bible), concludes that many
traditional customs and ceremonies in Japan are very similar to the ones
of ancient Israel and that perhaps these rituals came from the religion
and customs of the Jews and the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel who might
have come to ancient Japan.
Joseph Eidelberg's "The Biblical Hebrew Origin of the Japanese People" makes a similar case:
in his life, Joseph Eidelberg began analyzing ancient traditions,
religious ceremonies, historical names, haiku poems, Kana writings and
Japanese folk songs, discovering thousands of words with similar
pronunciations, sounds and translations between Hebrew and Japanese.
These discoveries are history in the making, giving credible new
information on the meanings of many unknown Japanese words, numbers,
songs and cultural traditions – and this book is the first time that
these remarkable similarities are combined into a single consistent
Several explorers, especially during the 17th and 18th centuries, claimed to have collected evidence that some of the American Indian tribes might be descended from the Ten Lost Tribes. Several recent books and articles have focused on these theories.
belief that some American Indians were a Lost tribe of Israel goes back
centuries and includes individuals like the 1782 President of the
Continental Congress Elias Boudinot and Mordecai Noah, the most
influential Jew in the United States in the early 19th Century.
Book of Mormon, one of the religious texts of the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), claims that early residents of
the Americas included descendents from the tribe of Joseph, and
particularly through Manasseh.
sources such as Howshua Amariel (who we will discuss later) and various
researchers assert that DNA evidence, linguistic research, and other
research indicates links between the Cherokee Nation and the Jewish
people. At this time we will focus on the Cherokee Indians to see if
they are part of the dispersed tribes of the Hebrew people.
DISCOVERY OF THE INDIANS BY EUROPEANS AND THEIR HISTORY
Reading from Mordecai Noah, we find the most interesting and intriguing history of the Indian Nations.
the discovery of America by Columbus, and the discoveries subsequent to
his time, various tribes of Indians or savages were found to inhabit
this our continent, whose origin was unknown.
The American Indians when first discovered, were not savages as described in books, movies, and most history books. They were a singular race of men, with enlarged views of life, religion,
courage, constancy, humanity, policy, eloquence, love of their
families; with a proud and gallant bearing, fierce in war, and, like the
ancients, relentless in victory. Their hospitality might be quoted as
examples among the most liberal of the present day. These were not wild men -- these were a different class from those found on the Sandwich and Feegee Islands: The red men of America, bearing as they do the strongest marks of Asiatic origin,
have for more than 2000 years and divided as they are in upwards of
1300 different nations, been remarkable for their intellectual
superiority; their bravery in war, their good faith in peace, and all
the simplicity and virtues of their patriarchal fathers, until
civilization, as it is called, had rendered them familiar with all the
vices which distinguish the present era, without being able to enforce
any of the virtues which are the boast of our present enlightened times.
is, however, in the religious belief and ceremonies of the Indians that
I propose showing some of the evidences of their being, as it is
believed, the descendants of the dispersed tribes. This opinion is
I shall be able to satisfy your doubts and curiosity on these points,
you will certainly rejoice with me in discovering that the dispersed of the chosen people are not the lost ones
-- that the promises held out to them have been thus far realised, and
that all the prophecies relative to their future destination will in due
time be strictly fulfilled.
has been the general impression, as before mentioned, that great
resemblance existed between some of the religious rites of the Jews, and
the peculiar ceremonies of the Indians; and the belief in one great
spirit has tended to strengthen the impression; yet this mere
resemblance only extended so far as to admit of the belief, that they
possibly may have descended from the dispersed tribes, or may have been
of Tartar or Malay origin.
was, however, argued and unsatisfactory suspicion, which, having no
tangible evidence, has been rejected, or thrown aside as a mere
supposition. All the missionaries and travellers among the Indian tribes
since the discovery of America -- Adair, Heckewelder, Charliveux,
M'Kenzie, Bartram, Beltrami, Smith, Penn, Mrs. Simon, who has written a
very interesting work on this subject, &c., have expressed opinions
in favour of their being of Jewish origin -- the difficulty, however,
under which they all laboured was simply this; they
were familiar with the religious rites, ceremonies, traditions and
belief of the Indians, but they were not sufficiently conversant with
the Jewish rites and ceremonies, to show the analogy. It is precisely this link in the chain of evidence that I propose to supply.
has been said that the Indians believing in one great Spirit and
Fountain of Life, like the Jews, does not prove their descent from
the missing tribes, because in a savage state their very ignorance and
superstition lead them to confide in the works of some divine superior
being. But savages are apt to be idolaters, and personate the deity by
some carved figure or image to whom they pay their adoration and not
like the Indians, having a clear and definite idea of one great Ruler of
the universe, one great Spirit, whose attributes are as well known to
them as to us. But if the continued unerring worship of one Creator like
the Jews prove nothing, where did they acquire the same Hebrew name and
appellation of that deity? If
tradition had not handed down to them the ineffable name as also
preserved by the Jews, how did they acquire it in a wilderness where the
word of Yahweh was never known?
Adair, who resided forty years among them, in his work published in
1775, says, "The ancient heathens worshipped a plurality of gods, but
these Indians say their devoir to Lo-ak (Light) Ish-ta-hoola-aba, distinctly Hebrew, which means the great supreme beneficent holy Spirit of Fire who resides above.
are, says Adair, utter strangers to all the gestures practised by the
pagans in their religious rites -- they kiss no idols, nor would they
kiss their hands in tokens of reverence or willing obedience.
These tribes, says Adair, so far from being Atheists, use the great and dreadful name of Yahweh
which describes his divine essence, and by which he manifested himself
to Moses! and are firmly persuaded that they now live under the
immediate government of the Almighty Ruler. Their appellative for Yahweh
is Isto-hoolo, the Hebrew of Esh-Eshys, from Ishto, Great,
but they have another appellative, which with them as with us, is the
mysterious essential name of Yahweh, which they never mention in common
speech, and only when performing their most sacred religious rites, and
then they most solemnly divide it in syllables, with intermediate words,
so as not to pronounce the ineffable name at once.
Thus, in their sacred dances at their feast of the first fruits, they sing Aleluyah and Mesheha, from the Hebrew of Masheach, Messiah, the anointed one. Yo mesheha." He meshesha," "Wah meshehah," this making the Aleluyah the Mesheha, the Yehovah."
we, for a moment, believe that these sacred well known Hebrew words
found their way by accident to the wilderness? Or can it be doubled that
like the fire of the burning bush which never is extinguished, those
words of religious adoration are the sacred relics of tradition, handed
down to them from generation to generation? In the same manner, says
Adair, they sing on certain other religious celebrations, ailyo ailyo, which is the Hebrew el for God by his attribute of omnipotence. They likewise sing hewah, hewah,
He chyra, the "immortal soul." Those words sung at their religious
rejoicings are never uttered at any other time, which must have
occasioned the loss of their divine hymns. They on some occasions sing Shilu yo -- Shilu he --Shilu wah. The three terminations make up in their other the four lettered divine name in Hebrew. Shilu is evidently Shaleach, Shiloth, the messenger; "the peace maker."
The number of Hebrew words used in their religious services is incredible; thus, in chiding any one for levity during a solemn worship they say, Che hakeet Kana, "you resemble those reproved in Canaan," and to convey the idea of criminality, they say Hackset Canaha, "the sinners of Canaan." They call lightning eloah, and the rumbling of thunder rowah, from the Hebrew ruach, "spirit."
the Israelites they divide the year into four seasons, with the same
festivals; they calculate by moons and celebrate as the Jews do the berachah halebana, the blessing for the new moon.
Indians have their prophets and high priests, the same as the Jews had;
not hastily selected; but chosen with caution from the most wise and
discreet, and they ordain their high priests by anointing, and have a
most holy place in their sanctuaries, like the Holy of Holies in the
Temple. The Archimagus or High Priest, wears, in resemblance to the
ancient breastplate, a white conch-shell ornamented so as to resemble
the precious stones on the Urim, and instead of the golden plate worn by the Levite on his forehead, bearing the inscription Kodish Ladonaye, the Indian binds his brows with a wreath of swan's feathers, and wears a tuft of white feathers which he calls Yatira.
Indians have their ark which they invariably carry with them to battle
well guarded. In speaking of the Indian places of refuge, Adair says, "I
observed that if a captive taken by the reputed power of the holy
things of their ark, should be able to make his escape into one of these
towns, or even into the winter house of the Archimagus,
he is delivered from the fiery torture, otherwise inevitable. This,
when taken in connection with the many other faint images of Mosaic
customs, seems to point at the mercy-seat of the sanctuary. It is also
worthy of notice, that they never place the ark on the ground. On hilly
ground where large stones are plenty, they rest it thereon, but on level
prairies, upon short logs, where they also seat themselves. And when we
consider, continues Adair, in what a surprising manner the Indians copy
after the ceremonial law of the Hebrews, and their strict purity in the
war camps; that opae,
"the leader" obliges till during the first campaign which they have
made with the beloved ark, to stand every day they are not engaged in
warfare, from sunrise to sunset, and after a fatiguing day's march and
scanty allowance, to drink warm water embittered with rattle-snakeroot
very plentifully, in order to purification; that they have also as
strong a faith in the power of their ark as ever the Israelites had in
theirs, ascribing the success of one party to their stricter adherence
to the law, than the other, we have strong reason to conclude them of
Hebrew origin. The Indians have an old tradition, that when they left
their own native land, they brought with them a sanctified rod
by order of an oracle, which they fixed every evening in the ground,
and were to remove from place to place on the continent towards the sun
rising till it budded in one night's time. I have seen other Indians,
says the same writer, who related the same thing. Instead of the
miraculous direction to which they limit it, in their western
banishment, it appears more likely that they refer to the ancient
circumstance of the rod of Aaron, which in order to check the murmur of
those who conspired against him, was in his favour made to bud blossoms
and yield almonds at one and the same time. It is a well attested fact,
and is here corroborated by Adair, that in taking female captives the
Indians have often protected them, but never despoiled them of honour.
statement of Adair, in relation to the ark, is corroborated by several
travellers. Major Long, a more recent traveller, in his expedition to
the Rocky Mountains, says, in relation to the ark, "It is placed upon a
stand, and is never suffered to touch the earth. No person dare open all
the coverings. Tradition informs them that curiosity induced three
different persons to examine the mysterious shell, who were immediately
punished for their profanation by instant blindness." This is the Jewish
punishment pronounced for looking on the holy of holies -- even now for
looking on the descendants of the high priest who alone have the
privilege of blessing the people.
most sacred feast day uniformly kept by the Jews is the day of
Atonement, usually falling in the month of September or early in
October. This is deemed in every part of the world a most solemn fast,
and great preparations are made for its celebration It is in the nature
of expiation of sin, of full confession, penitence and prayer; and is
preceded by ablution and preparation of morning prayer for some time.
is a very sacred fast, which lasts from sunset on one day until the new
moon is seen on the succeeding evening. It is not in the nature of a
gloomily desponding penance, but rather a day of solemn rejoicing, of
hope and confidence, and is respected by those most indifferent to all
other festivals throughout the year.
Precisely such a fast, with similar motives, and nearly at the same period of the year, is kept by the Indian natives generally
after stating the strict manner in which the Indians observe the
revolutions of the moon, and describing the feast of the harvest, and
the first offerings of the fruits, gives a long account of the
preparations in putting their temple in proper order for the great day
of atonement, which he fixes at the time when the corn is full eared and
ripe, generally in the latter end of September. He then proceeds:
one of the waiters proclaims with a loud voice, for all the warriors
and beloved men whom the purity of their law admits, to come and enter
the beloved square, and observe the fast. He also exhorts the women and
children, with those who have not been initiated in war, to keep apart,
according to the law.
centinels are now placed one at each corner of the holy square, to keep
out every living creature as impure, except the religious order, and
the warriors who are not known to have violated the law of the first
fruit-offering, and that of marriage, since the last year's expiation.
They observe the fast till the rising of the second sun; and be they
ever so hungry in the sacred interval, the healthy warriors deem the
duty so awful, and disobedience to inexpressibly vicious, that no
temptation would induce them to violate it. They at the same time drink
plentifully of a decoction of the button snake root, in order to vomit
and cleanse their sinful bodies.
the general fast, the children and men of weak constitution, are
allowed to eat, as soon as they are certain that the sun has begun to
decline from his meridian altitude.
every thing is hushed. Nothing but silence all around, The great
beloved man, and his beloved waiter, rising up with a reverend carriage,
steady countenance and composed behaviour, go into the beloved place,
or holiest, to bring them out the beloved fire. The former takes a piece
of dry popular, willow, or white oak, and having cut a hole, but no so
deep as to reach through it, he then sharpens another piece, and placing
that in the hole, and both between his knees, he drills it briskly for
several minutes, till it begins to smoke -- or by rubbing to pieces
together for a quarter of an hour, he collects by friction the hidden
fire, which they all consider as proceeding from the holy spirit of
great beloved man, or high priest, addresses the warriors and women;
giving all the particular' positive injunctions and negative precepts
they yet retain of the ancient law. He uses very sharp language to the
women. He then addresses the whole multitude. He enumerates the crimes
they have committed, great and small, and bids them look at the Holy
fire which has forgiven them. He presses on his audience, by the great
motives of temporal good and the fear of temporal evil, the necessity of
a careful observance of the ancient law, assuring them that the holy
fire will enable their prophets, the rain makers, to procure them
plentiful harvests, and give their war leaders victory over their
enemies. He then orders some of the fire to be laid down outside of the
holy ground, for all the houses of the various associated towns, which
sometimes lay several miles apart."
Bartram, who visited the southern Indians in 1778, gives an account of
the same feast, but in another nation. He says, that the feast of first
fruits is the principal festival. This seems to end the old and begin
the new ecclesiastical year. It commences when their new crops are
arrived to maturity. This is their most solemn celebration."
respect to the sacrifices, we have had none since the destruction of
the temple, but it was customary among the Jews, in the olden times, to
sacrifice daily a part of a lamb. This ceremony is strictly observed by
the Indians. The hunter when leaving his wigwam for the chase, puts up a
prayer, that the great Spirit will aid his endeavours to procure food
for his wife and children, and, when he returns with the red deer,
whatever may be the cravings of hunger, he allows none to taste until he
has cut part of the flesh, which he throws in the fire as a sacrifice,
accompanied with prayer. All travellers speak of this practice among the
Indians, so clearly Hebrew in its origin.
bathings, anointings, ablutions, in the coldest weather, are never
neglected by the Indians, and, like the Jews of old, they anoint
themselves with bear's oil.
Mosaic prohibition of eating unclean animals, and their enumeration,
are known to you all. It would be supposed that, admidst the uncertainty
of an Indian life, all kinds of food would be equally acceptable. Not
so: for in strict conformity with the Mosaic law, they abstain from
eating the blood of any animal, they abominate swine flesh, they do not
eat fish without scales, the eel, the turtle or sea cow; and they deem
many animals and birds impure. These facts are noticed by all writers,
and particularly by Edwards in his History of the West Indies. The
latter able historian, in noticing the close analogy between the
religious rites of the Jews and Indians, says, "that the striking
conformity of the prejudices and customs of the Caribbee Indians, to the
practices of the Jews, has not escaped the notice of such historians as
Gamella, Du Terte, and others;" and Edwards also states, that the
Indians on the Oroonoke, punished their women caught in adultery, by
stoning them to death before the assembly of the people.
the Mosaical laws is the obligation of one brother to marry his
brother's widow, if he dies without issue. Major Long says, "if the
deceased has left a brother, he takes the widow to his lodge after a
proper interval and considers her as his wife." This is also confirmed
would occupy a greater space of time than I can afford, to trace a
similitude between all the Indian rites and religious ceremonies, and
those of the Jewish nation. In their births, in their separation after
the births of their children, in their daily prayers and sacrifices, in
their festivals, in their burials, in the employment of mourners, and in
their general belief, I see a close analogy and intimate connection,
with all the ceremonies and laws which are observed by the Jewish
people; making a due allowance for what has been lost, and
misunderstood, in the course of upwards of 2000 years.
A general belief exists among most travellers, that the Indians are the descendants of the missing tribes.
Menassah Ben Israel wrote his celebrated treatise, to prove this fact, on the discovery of America.
Penn, who always acted righteously towards the Indians, and had never
suspected that they had descended from the missing tribes, says, in a
letter to his friends in England, "I found them with like countenances
to the, Hebrew race. I consider these people under a dark night, yet
they believe in God and immortality, without the aid of metaphysics.
They reckon by moons, they offer their first ripe fruits, they have a
kind of feast of tabernacles, they are said to lay their altars with
twelve stones, they mourn a year, and observe the Mosaic law with regard
de Moraez, in his history of Brazil, declares that America has been
peopled by the Carthagenians and Israelites, and as to the Israelites,
he says, nothing is wanting but circumcision, to constitute a perfect
resemblance between them and the Brazilians.
Rev. Mr. Beatty, a very worthy missionary, says, "I have often before
hinted, that I have taken great pains to search into the usages and
customs of the Indians, in order to see what ground there was for
supposing them to be part of the ten tribes, and I must own, to my no
small surprise, that a number of their customs appear so much to
resemble those of the Jews, that it is a great question with me, whether
we can expect to find among the ten tribes wherever they are at this
day, all things considered, more of the footsteps of their ancestors
than among the different Indian tribes."
de Guignes, an old French historian, in speaking of the discoveries
made in America, before the time of Columbus, says, "These researches,
which of themselves, give us great insight into the origin of the
Americans, lead to the determination of the route of the colonies sent
to the continent;" and he proceeds to give reasons for his belief, that
the greater part of them passed thither "by the most eastern extremities
of Asia, where the two continents are only separated by a narrow
strait, easy to cross" Beltram, in his discovery of the sources of the
Mississippi, after a full and interesting account of the Indian, says,
"Different authors have brought them hither from all parts of the world.
I was at first induced to join with those who derived them from the
Hebrews. It seemed impossible for me to doubt, that by so doing, I
should be building on an impregnable foundation." He then proceeds to
prove their Asiatic origin by many interesting facts.
4th Earl of Crawford and Lindsay, published his travels in America, in
1801" It is curious and pleasing," says he, "in reading the travels of
those who have been among these people, to find how their customs
comport with the laws of Moses;" and after describing at length their
religious rites and ceremonies, his lordship emphatically observes, "It
is a sound truth, that the Indians are descended from the ten tribes; and time and investigation will more and more enforce its acknowledgment."
is, however, in Mexico and Peru, that we must look for the most
enlightened and the most wealthy of the Indian race On the
representations of Montesini, who travelled in South America, the
learned Rabbi Menassah Ben Israel, as I have said before, wrote his
famous work La Esperanza de Israel,
which he published in Amsterdam, in 1650, endeavouring with great zeal
to prove, that the Indians in North and South America were the
descendants of the missing tribes; and Cromwell, to whom the work was
dedicated, was greatly interested in the evidences produced on that
occasion. Montesini, travelling through the province of Quif,
found that his Indian guide was a Jew, and pursuing his inquiries,
discovered that immense numbers lived behind the Cordilleras. Francis,
the name of his guide, admitted to Montesini, that his God was called Adonai,
and that he acknowledged Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as his ancestors, and
they claimed to have descended from the tribe of Reuben.
contends, that they have a tradition relative to the deluge; that they
preserve the rite of circumcision; they offer the first fruits, and in
Peru they eat the Paschal Lamb; they believe in the resurrection, and
clothe the dead with the richest equipage. Lopez de Gomara says, that
some of them, and not all, are circumcised. Acosta continues, "the
Mexicans point out, the various stations as their ancestors advanced
into their country, and it is precisely the route which they must have
held, had they been emigrants from Asia."
Ben Israel declares, that the Indians of Mexico had a tradition, that
their magnificent place of worship had been built by a people who wore
their beards, and were more ancient than their Incas. In the universal
history of 1748, it is affirmed that the Mexicans and other American
Indians rend their garments, in order the more effectually to express
grief -- the Hebrew custom at this day.
de Gomara states, that the Mexicans offer sacrifices of the first
fruits, and when Cortez approached Mexico, Montezuma shut himself up for
the space of eight days in fasting and prayer. Emanuel de Moreas and
Acosta say, that the Brazilians marry in their own tribes and families;
and Escorbatus affirms, that he frequently heard the southern tribes
repeat the sacred notes Ha-le-lu-yah. Malvenda states, that several tombstones were found in St. Michaels, with ancient Hebrew characters.
the Spaniards invaded Mexico, the Cholula was considered a holy city by
the natives, with magnificent temples, in which the High-Priest
Quetzacotl preached peace to man, and would permit no other offerings to
the Master of Life, than the first-fruits of the harvest. "We know by
our traditions," said the venerable Prince Montezuma, to the Spanish
General Cortez. "that we who inhabit this country are not the natives
but strangers who come from a great distance."
Alonzo Erecella, in his history of Chili, says, the Araucanians
acknowledge one Supreme Being, and believe in the immortality of the
soul; and the Abbe Clavigero declares, that they have a tradition of the
great deluge. The laws and ceremonies of the Peruvians and Mexicans
have, no doubt, been corrupted in the course of many ages, both in their
sacrifices and worship.
great and magnificent temple, evidently in imitation of that erected by
Solomon, was founded by Mango Capac, or rather by the Inca Yupabque,
who endowed it with great wealth. Clavagero and DeVega in their very
interesting account of this temple, say, "what we called the altar was
on the east side of the temple. There were many doors to the temple, all
of which were plated with gold, and four walls the whole way around,
were crowned with a rich golden garland, more than an ell in width.
Round the temple were five square pavilions, whose tops were in the form
of pyramids. The fifth was lined entirely with gold, and was for the
use of the Royal High-Priest of sacrifices, and in which all the
deliberations concerning the temple were held. Some of the doors led to
the schools where the Incas listen to the debates of the philosophers,
sometimes themselves explaining the laws and ordinances."
and Central America abound in curiosities, exemplifying the fact of the
Asiatic origin of the inhabitants, and it is not many years ago, that
the ruins of a whole city, with a wall nearly seven miles in
circumference, with castles, palaces, and temples, evidently of Hebrew
or Phoenician architecture, was found on the river Palenque. The 35th
number of the Foreign Quarterly Review contains an interesting account
of those antiquities.
ruins of this city near Guatemala, in Central America, are described by
Del Rio in 1782, when taken in conjunction with the extraordinary, I
may say, wonderful antiquities spread over the entire surface of that
country, awaken recollections in the specimens of architecture, which
carry us back to the early pages of history, and prove beyond the shadow
of doubt, that we who imagined ourselves to be the natives of a new
world, but recently discovered, inhabit a continent which rivaled the
splendor of Egypt and Syria, and was peopled by a powerful and highly
cultivated nation from the old world. When we speak of what is called
Mexican antiquities, we must not confound the rude labours of modern
times, with the splendid perfections which distinguished the efforts of
those who reared the Egyptian pyramids, and built the temples of Thebes
and Memphis. It is not Mexican antiquities, but the antiquities of
Tultecan; and in addition to the ruins of Palenque, on this our
continent, there are pyramids larger than those of Sachara in Egypt at
Cholula, Otamba, Paxaca, Mitlan, Tlascola, and on the mountains of
Tescoca, together with hieroglyphics, planispheres and zodiacs, a
symbolic and Phonetic alphabet; papyrus, metopes, triglyphs, and temples
and buildings of immense grandeur; military roads, aqueducts, viaducts,
posting stations and distances; bridges of great grandeur and massive
character, all presenting the most positive evidences of the existence
of a powerful enterprising nation, which must have flourished two
thousand years before the Spanish Conquest. Take, for example, the
description of the temple at Palenque, which Lord Kingsborough, in his
travels, not only declares was
built by Jews, and is a copy of Solomon's temple, but which, no doubt,
is precisely the model of the temple described by Ezekiel. Travellers
speak of it in the following terms:
may be appropriately called an ecclesiastical city, rather than a
temple. Within its vast precincts, there appear to be contained, (as
indeed was, in some measure, the case with the area that embraced the
various buildings of Solomon's temple,) a pyramidal tower, various
sanctuaries, sepulchres; a small and a large quadrangular court, one
surrounded as we have said, by cloisters; subterranean; initiatory
galleries beneath; oracles, courts of justice, high places, and cells or
dwellings for the various orders of priests. The whole combination of
the buildings is encircled by a quadrilateral pilastered portico,
embracing a quadrangular area, and resting on a terraced platform. This
platform exhibits the same architectural model, which we have described
as characterizing the single temples. It is composed of three graduated
stuccoed terraces, sloping inwards, at an angle of about seventy
degrees, in the form of a truncated pyramid. Four central staircases,
(one facing each of the cardinal points,) ascend these terraces in the
middle of each lateral facade of the quadrangle; and four gates fronting
the same cardinal points, conduct from the top of each staircase into
the body of the building, or into the great court. The great entrance,
through a pilastered gateway, fronts the east, and descends by a second
flight of steps into the cloistered court. On the various pilasters of
the upper terrace are the metopes, with singular sculptures. On
descending the second staircase into the cloistered court, on one side,
appears the triple pyramidal tower, which may be inferred, from the
curious distribution of little cells which surround the central room of
each story, to have been employed as place of royal or private
sepulture. It would be pronounced a striking and tasteful structure,
according to any architectural rule. On another side of the same
cloistered court, is the detached temple of the chief god, to whom the
whole religious building appears to have been devoted, who appears to
have been the great and only God of the nations who worshipped in this
temple. Beneath the cloisters, entered by staircases from above, are
what we believe to be the initiatory galleries. These opened into rooms,
one of which has a stone couch in it, and others are distinguished by
unintelligible apparatus carved in stone. The only symbol described as
found within these sacred haunts is, however, perfectly Asiatic and
perfectly intelligible; we mean two contending serpents. The remnant of
an altar, or high place, occupies the centre of the cloistered
quadrangle. The rest of the edifice is taken up with courts, palaces,
detached temples, open divans, baths, and streets of priestly cells, or
houses, in a greater or less degree of dilapidation." * * * "It is
perfectly clear from the few records of their religious rites, which
have come down to us, and which are principally derived from the
extraordinary rolls of American papyrus, * on which their beautiful
hieroglyphical system is preserved, (there is one of considerable extent
in the Dresden museum,) that they were as simple, perhaps we may add
with propriety, as innocent. Not only does it appear that they had no
human sacrifices, but no animal sacrifices whatever. Flowers and fruits
were the only offerings made to the presiding divinity of their temple.
Columbus discovered America, he found an innocent people in a
demi-savage state, with Jewish traditions, and the only reference to
early times was a vague impression, that the ruins they saw were built
by giants, and a people called wandering masons.
have the most settled conviction of this theory. The magnificent ruins
which are to be seen at this day in Mexico and Central America, were the
works of the Phoenicians, and the irruption of the wandering tribes
from the north-west coast of America, swept that nation away, and have
ever since maintained possession of this county, until white men have
thinned their ranks, and gradually encroached upon, and usurped a great
part of their territory.
only opposition made to the general declaration of travellers, that the
Indians are of Jewish descent, is, that they are red men, and are
beardless. Now, take the olive complexion of the Jews in Syria, pass the
nation over the Euphrates into a warmer climate, let them mingle with
Tartars and Chinese, and after several generations reach this continent,
their complexion would undergo some shades of hue and colour; and as to
beards they cannot grow while they are continually plucked, as is the
Indian custom. The colour proves nothing against their origin. Take our
fellow-citizens on our eastern borders, and compare their florid colour
with the sickly hue and sallow complexions of those living on the
southern shores, in the palmettoes and everglades, and we shall see a
marked distinction, and yet they are members of the same family.
Pratz, speaking of the traditions of the Natches tribe, relates, that
in answer to the question, "whence come you?" their reply was, "All that
we know is that our fathers, to come hither, followed the sun, and came
from the place where he rises. They were long in their journey, they
were nearly, perishing, and were brought to this wilderness of the sun
setting without seeking it." Souard says of the Indians of Surinam, on
the authority of Nasci, a learned Jew residing there, that the dialect
of those Indians common in Guiuana is soft, agreeable and regular, and
their substantives are Hebrew. Their language, in the roots, idioms, and
particular construction, has the genius of the Hebrew language, as
their orations have the bold, laconic and figurative style of the Hebrew
Rev. Mr. Chapman says of the Osages, "it is their universal practice to
salute the dawn of every morning with their devotion." A custom always
prevailing among pious Jews.
Malvenda and Acosta both affirm, that the natives had a tradition of a jubilee, according to the jubilee of Israel.
Dr. Beatty, in speaking of the festival of the first-fruits by the nations west of the Ohio, says, "at this ceremony twelve
of their old men divide a deer into twelve parts, and these men hold up
the venison and fruits with their faces to the east, acknowledging the
bounty of God to them. A singular and close imitation of the ceremonies
and sacrifices of the temple." The doctor further says, "they have
another feast which looks like the Passover."
Alexander MacKenzie, in his tour to the north-west coast, says, that
"the Chepewyan Indians have a tradition among them, that they originally
came from another country, inhabited by very wicked people, and had
traversed a great lake which was in one place narrow and shallow, and
full of islands, where they had suffered great misery; and a further
tradition has it that nine parts of their nation out of ten, passed over
the river. The Mexicans affirm, that seven tribes or houses passed from
the east to the wilderness."
says, that the skeletons of the mammoths found in Kentucky and
Missouri, and other parts of America, have been ascertained to resemble
precisely those which have been found in Siberia and the eastern part of
Asia, showing the facility of communication between the two coasts. And
here it may be well to state a fact, which is strongly corroborative of
the view we have taken, not only of the possibility of passing from one
continent to the other, but of the actual and probably constant
communication between them. Charlevoix, says he knew a Catholic priest,
called Father Grillon, in Canada, who was recalled to Paris after his
mission had been ended, and who was subsequently appointed to a similar
mission in China. One day in Tartary, he suddenly encountered a Huron
woman with whom he had been well acquainted in Canada, and who informed
him that she had been captured, and passed from nation to nation, until
she reached the north-west coast, when she crossed into Tartary.
delivering the present lecture, I have received a letter from Mr.
Catlin, the celebrated painter, who for the last five years has been
residing among the Indians. Mr. Catlin says,
first thing that strikes the traveller in an Indian country as evidence
of their being of Jewish origin, (and it is certainly a very forcible
one,) is the striking resemblance which they generally bear in contour,
and expression of head, to those people. In their modes and customs,
there are many striking resemblances, and perhaps as proof, they go much
further than mere personal resemblance. Amongst those customs, I shall
mention several that have attracted my attention, though probably they
have never before been used for the same purpose; and others I may name,
which are familiar to you, and which it may not be amiss to mention, as
I have seen them practised while in their country.
universal custom among them of burying their dead with feet to the
east, I could conceive to have no other meaning, or object than a
journey to the east after death -- like the Jews, who expected to travel
under ground after death to the land of Canaan. On inquiry, I found
that though they were all going towards the 'setting sun,' during their
lifetimes, they expected to travel to the east after death.
the tribes, the women are not allowed to enter the medicine lodge. As
they were not allowed in Judea to enter the court of Israel. Like the
Jewish custom also, they are not allowed to mingle in worship with the
men, and at meals, are always separated.
their modes, fastings, feastings, or sacrifices, they have also a most
striking resemblance. Amongst all the western tribes, who have not been
persuaded from those forms by white men, they are still found
scrupulously and religiously adhering to, and practising them to the
letter. The very many times and modes of sacrificing, remind us forcibly
of the customs of the Israelites; and the one in particular, which has
been seen amongst several of the tribes, though I did not witness it
myself, wherein, like the manner of the 'peace-offering,' the firstling
and that of the male is offered, and 'no bone is to be broken.'
Such circumstances afford the strongest kind of proofs. All the tribes
have a great feast at the dawn of spring, and at those feasts their
various sacrifices are made. At the approach of the season of green
corn, a feast of the first ears are sacrificed, with great solemnity,
followed by feasting and dancing: so at the ripening of different kinds
of fruit. The first and best piece that is cut from a buffalo is always Deo Dante.
the medicine lodge, and also over the lodges of the most distinguished
chiefs, are hung on high poles large quantities of fine cloth, white
buffalo robes, or other most costly articles which can be procured,
there to decay, in offering to the Great Spirit.
bunch of willow boughs with which each dancer is supplied, in the
Mandan religious ceremonies, the sacrificing and other forms therein
observed, certainly render it somewhat analogous to the Israelitish
feast of tabernacles.
"The universal practice of "solus cum sola'
of the women, ablution and anointing with bear's grease, is strikingly
similar to the Jewish custom. Every family has a small lodge expressly
for this purpose, and when any one of the family are ready for it, it is
erected within a few rods, and meat is carried to her, where she
dwells, and cooks and eats by herself; an object of superstitious dread
to every person in the village.
absence of every species of idolatry amongst the North American
Indians, affords also a striking proof of the ceremonial law, and stamps
them at once, in one respect, at all events, differing from all other
savage tribes of which we have any knowledge."
are, I may ask, the characters of these people? On the discovery of
America by Columbus, nearly 2000 years after the dispersion of the
Hebrew tribes, the whole continent is found peopled; not with a race of
wild men, of cannibals, of savages, but with a race of intellectual,
moral, innocent persons, divided into many hundred nations, and spread
over 8000 miles of territory. "I swear to your majesties," said
Columbus, writing to Ferdinand and Isabella, "that
there is not a better people in the world than these; more affectionate
or mild. They love their neighbours as themselves; their language is
the sweetest, the softest and the most cheerful, for they always speak
Major Long says, "they are the genuine sons of nature; they have all
the virtues nature can give, without the vices of civilization. They are
artless, fearless, and live in constant exercise of moral and christian
virtues, though they know it not."
gives his testimony in their behalf. "They manifest," says he, "much
stability in their engagements, patience in affliction, and submissive
acquiescence in what they apprehend the will of Providence. In all this,
they display a nobleness of soul and constancy of mind, at which we rarely arrive, with all our philosophy and religion."
Pratz contends, that they have a greater degree of prudence,
faithfulness and generosity, than those who would be offended with a
comparison with them. "No people," says he, "are more hospitable and
who lived many years in the Creek nation, says, "Joy, contentment, love
and friendship without guile or affectation, seem inherent in them, or
predominant in their vital principle, for it leaves them but with their
breath. They are," says he, "just, honest, liberal and hospitable to
strangers; considerate and affectionate to their wives, children and
relations; frugal and persevering, charitable and forbearing."
Who are they?
Men do not grow up like stones or trees or rocks; they are not found in
herds like wild animals. Yahweh that made man in his own image, gave to
the Indians an origin and parentage, like unto the rest of the great
family of mankind, the work of his own almighty hand. From whom then did
our red brethren, the rightful owners of this continent, descend?
seems to be no difference of opinion that they are of Asiatic origin,
and not indigenous to our soil. Nearly all writers and historians concur
on this point -- they are Asiatic -- they crossed to the continent of America from Asia; but who are they, arid from whom have they descended?
who wrote learnedly of the twelve tribes, in 1300, contends, that the
tribe of Dan went into Ethiopia, and pretends that the tribes of
Naphtali, Gad and Asher followed. That they had a king of their own, and
could muster 120,000 horse and 100,000 foot. In relation to part of
these three tribes, there might have been some truth in it, for Tigleth
Pelieser did compel them to go into Ethiopia. Issachar, he contends,
remained with the Medes and Persians. Zebulon extended from the
mountains of Pharan to the Euphrates. Reuben dwelt behind Pharan,
and-spoke Arabic. Ephraim and half Manasseh were thrown on the southern
coast. Benjamin of Tudela places Dan, Asher, Naphtali and Zebulon on the
banks of the river Gozan. In the midst of all these contradictory and
vague statements, two opinions prevail among Jews and Christians, in
early and in late periods. One is, that the ten tribes went into
Tartary, where they remained; the other, that from Tartary they
penetrated into America.
Ben Israel, the most learned of the nation, declares that they passed
into America. Lescarbot believes, that the Indians are the posterity of
Ham, expelled by Joshua, and who passed out of the Mediterranean, and
were driven by storms to the American coast; Grotius contends, that the
inhabitants of the new world were originally from Greenland; and while
Basnage frankly admits, that manifest tracts of Judaism are to be found
in America, he contends, that the tribes could not have overcome the
warlike Scythians and penetrated to this continent, and that they
remained in Halak and Heber, and in the cities of the Medes.
no doubt, lies between these opinions. Many of the tribes passed into
Egypt and Ethiopia, many remained in Persia and Tartary, all did not
make for the north-west coast, nor was it necessary that all should do
so. There were degrees of piety and condition then as now. Restore
Jerusalem to-morrow, and all the Jews will not return there. Rabbi Akiba
contends, that all the noble families remained in Persia. A number, a
considerable number, no doubt, impressed with the solemn belief, that if
they remained in Persia, they would in time become idolaters, and lose
all the landmarks of their ancient faith, resolved, like those who went
out of Egypt, to remain no longer in bondage, and, as Esdras says; they
departed for a country "wherein mankind never before had dwelt" -- and
the resolution was perfectly feasible. It was a thickly populated
country, and by keeping on the borders of China, they would, within the
time prescribed, namely eighteen months, have reached our continent. At
this day, there is a constant intercourse between the continents, and a
trip to the Rocky mountains, once so terrifying, is now a mere summer's
the Indians of America are not the descendants of the missing tribes,
again I ask, from whom are they descended? From the Egyptians? Wherein
in their belief, is there the least resemblance to the worship of Isis
and Osiris, or the hieroglyphics or historical reminiscences of that
very ancient people? Are they part of the fierce Scythians? Their
warlike propensities would prove them to be so; but where among those
barbarians do we discover the belief in one Great Spirit, together with
the softer virtues, the purity and talents of the Indians? Are they of
the Tartar race? Their complexion, "the shadowed livery of the burning
sun," might be offered in evidence; but, they have not the flat head,
the angular and twinkling eye, nor the diminutive figure of the Chinese
Indians have distinct Jewish features, and neither in mind, manners,
nor religion, bear any affinity to the Tartar race. I have endeavoured
to show this by their traditions, by their religion, by their
ceremonies, which retain so much of the ancient worship. But there is
one proof more, which, in my mind, removes all doubt. Sir Alexander
MacKenzie, in his journal of a tour to the north-west continent of
America, declares from his own observation, that the Chippewa Indians practise circumcision, which fact is corroborated by several other travellers amongst the various tribes.
will scarcely be necessary for me to refer you to the many prophetic
warnings relative to the sins, the denunciations; the promises, the
dispersion and redemption, of the Jewish people, which we find
throughout the Bible. With that good book you all are or should be
familiar -- it is a delightful book, view it in any manner you please.
Let the unbeliever sneer and the philosopher doubt, it is certain that
the most important events predicted by the prophets hare come to pass,
giving an assurance which is stripped of all doubt, that what remains to
be fulfilled, will
be fulfilled. In what direction are we to look for the missing tribes
according to the prophets? From Jeremiah we learn that they are to come
from a country north and west from Judea. From Isaiah, "it is a country
far from Judea," and answering also "from the ends of the earth."
Zechariah we are told, it must be in the western regions, or the
country of the going down of the sun; and according to the historian
Esdras, it must be a land wherein mankind never before had dwelt, and of
course, free from the residence of the heathen.
prophet Isaiah has a noble reference to the dispersed tribes and their
redemption, which may be here appropriately quoted. I use his language,
the Hebrew, which from its peculiar associations should be always
interesting to you.
"And it shall come to pass in that day, that Yahweh shall set his hand the second
time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left from
Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam,
and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.”
he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the
outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah, from the
four corners of the earth.”
there shall be a highway, for the remnant of his people, which shall be
left from Assyria, like as it was to Israel, in the day that he came up
out of the land of Egypt."
I not with propriety refer, among other evidences, to the cruel
persecutions which have uniformly been practised towards the Indians of
this continent, not unlike those which the chosen people have suffered
for the last eighteen centuries? "What makes you so melancholy?" said
General Knox to the chief of an Indian deputation, that he was
entertaining in this city, at the close of the revolutionary war. "I'll
tell you, brother, said the aged chief; "I have been looking at your
beautiful city -- the great water full of ships -- the fine country, and
see how prosperous you all are. But then, I could not help thinking,
that this fine country was ours. Our ancestors lived here. They enjoyed it as their own in peace. It was the gift of the Great Spirit to them, and their children.
At last, white men came in a great canoe. They only asked to let them
tie it to a tree, lest the water should carry it away. We consented.
They then said some of their people were sick, and they asked permission
to land them, and put them under the shade of the trees. The ice then
came and they could not go away. They then begged a piece of land to
build wigwams for the winter. We granted it to them. They then asked
corn to keep them from starving. We furnished it out of our own scanty
supply They promised to go away when the ice melted. When this happened,
they, instead of going pointed to the big guns round the wigwams and
said, 'we shall stay here.' Afterwards came more: they brought
intoxicating drinks, of which the Indians became fond. They persuaded
them to sell their land, and, finally, have driven us back, from time to
time, to the wilderness, far from the water, the fish, and the oysters.
They have scared away our game -- my people are wasting away. We live
in the want of all things, while you are enjoying abundance in our fine
and beautiful country. This makes me sorry, brother, and I cannot help
persecutions and repeated acts of cruelty and injustice appear to have
no termination -- the work of destruction, commenced with the
Narragansetts, will extend to the Seminoles, and gradually to the blue
waters of the Pacific. Look even now at the contest maintained by a
handful of Indians in the everglades of Florida. Do they war against
unequal numbers for a crown -- for a part of that immense surplus which
overflows from the coffers of a country, which was once their own? No --
they fight for the privilege of dying where the bones of their
ancestors lie buried, and yet we, Christians as we call ourselves, deny
them that boon, and drive the lords of the soil into the den of the
referring to the splendid specimens of Indian oratory, where, I would
ask, can you find such wisdom, such lofty and pure eloquence, among the
Chinese and Tartars, even at this day?
Indians, like the Hebrews, speak in parables. Of their dialects, there
is no doubt, that the Algonquin and Huron are the parents of five
hundred Indian tongues -- they are copious, rich, regular, forcible and
comprehensive; and although here and there strong Hebrew analogies may
be found, yet it is reasonable to suppose, that the Indian languages are
a compound of all those tongues belonging to the various Asiatic
nations, through which they passed during their pilgrimage.
as I believe the American Indian to have been descended from the tribes
of Israel, and that our continent is full of the most extraordinary
vestiges of antiquity, there is one point, a religious as well as a
historical point, in which you may possibly continue to doubt, amidst
almost convincing evidences.
these are the remnants of the nine and a half tribes which were carried
into Assyria, and if we are to believe in all the promises of the
restoration, and the fulfillment of the prophecies, respecting the final
advent of the Jewish nation, what is to become of these our red
brethren, whom we are driving before us so rapidly, that a century more
will find them lingering on the borders of the Pacific ocean?
the restoration may be near enough to include even a portion of these
interesting people. Our learned Rabbis have always deemed it sinful to
compute the period of the restoration; they believe that when the sins
of the nation were atoned for, the miracle of their redemption would be
manifested. My faith does not rest wholly in miracles -- Providence
disposes of events, human agency must carry them out. That benign and
supreme power which the children of Israel had never forsaken, has
protected the chosen people amidst the most appalling dangers, has saved
them from the uplifted sword of the Egyptians, the Assyrians, the
Medes, the Persians, the Greeks and the Romans, and while the most
powerful nations of antiquity have crumbled to pieces, we have been
preserved, united and unbroken, the same now as we were in the days of
the patriarchs -- brought from darkness to light, from the early and
rude periods of learning to the bright reality of civilization, of arts,
of education and of science.
The Cherokee (Cherokee: ᏣᎳᎩ, Tsalagi)
are a Native American people historically settled in the Southeastern
United States (principally Georgia, the Carolinas and East Tennessee).
Linguistically, they are part of the Iroquoian language family. In the
19th century, historians and ethnographers recorded their oral tradition
that told of the tribe having migrated south in ancient times from the
Great Lakes region, where other Iroquoian-speaking peoples were located.
In the 19th century, white settlers in the United States called the
Cherokees one of the "Five Civilized Tribes", because they had
assimilated numerous cultural and technological practices of European
American settlers. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the Cherokee
Nation has more than 300,000 members, the largest of the 565 federally
recognized Native American tribes in the United States.
Cherokee refer to themselves as Tsalagi (ᏣᎳᎩ) or Aniyvwiyaʔi (ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯᎢ),
which means "Principal People." The Iroquois called the Cherokee Oyata’ge'ronoñ
(inhabitants of the cave country). Many theories — though none proven —
abound about the origin of the word Cherokee. It may have originally
been derived from the Choctaw word Cha-la-kee, which means "those who live in the mountains", or Choctaw Chi-luk-ik-bi, meaning "those who live in the cave country". The earliest Spanish rendering of Cherokee, from 1755, is Tchalaquei. Another theory is Cherokee derives from a Lower Creek word, Ciló-kki,
meaning someone who speaks another language. The most likely
derivation, however, is an Anglicisation of their own name, Tsalagi.
of what is known about pre-18th-century Native American cultures,
including the Cherokee, has come from records of Spanish expeditions.
Some of this work was not translated into English and made available to
historians until the 20th century. In addition, the dominance of English
colonists over the Southeast led to a discounting of Spanish sources
for some time.
writer John Howard Payne wrote about pre-19th century Cherokee culture
and society. The Payne papers describe the account by Cherokee elders of
a traditional two-part societal structure. A "white" organization of
elders represented the seven clans. As Payne recounted, this group,
which was hereditary and priestly, was responsible for religious
activities, such as healing, purification, and prayer. A second group of
younger men, the "red" organization, was responsible for warfare. The Cherokee considered warfare a polluting activity,
and warriors required the purification of the priestly class before
participants could reintegrate into normal village life. This hierarchy
had disappeared long before the 18th century.
have debated the reasons for the change. Some historians believe the
decline in priestly power originated with a revolt by the Cherokee
against the abuses of the priestly class known as the Ani-kutani. Ethnographer
James Mooney, who studied the Cherokee in the late 1880s, was the first
to trace the decline of the former hierarchy to this revolt. By the
time of Mooney, the structure of Cherokee religious practitioners was
more informal, based more on individual knowledge and ability than upon
Another major source of early cultural history comes from materials written in the 19th century by the didanvwisgi (ᏗᏓᏅᏫᏍᎩ), Cherokee medicine men, after Sequoyah's creation of the Cherokee syllabary in the 1820s. Initially only the didanvwisgi
adopted and used such materials, which were considered extremely
powerful in a spiritual sense. Later, the syllabary and writings were
widely adopted by the Cherokee people.
early explorers, especially during the 17th and 18th centuries, claimed
to have collected evidence that some of the Native American tribes
might be descended from the Ten Lost Tribes. James Adair, an Irish
trader and historian who lived among the Cherokees for forty years in
the 18th century, decided the Indians were one of the lost tribes of
Yahdah, and wrote seventy thousand words on the subject at a time when
printed words were dear. He used as evidence such topics as their
division into tribes; their language and dialects; their festivals,
feasts, and religious rites; their absolutions and anointings; their
laws of uncleanness, their avoidance on unclean things; their practices
of marriage, divorce, and punishment for adultery; and their ornaments.
Adair was one of a series of writers who held similar views, among them
Gregorio Garcia, Bartolome de las Casas, Thomas Thorowgood, John Eliot,
Manasseh ben Israel, Cotton Mather, Roger Williams, William Penn, and
Charles Beatty. Below is a map showing the Cherokee Nations and their
migration throughout the Americas.
HOWSHUA AMARIEL, CHEROKEE INDIAN
I was in Israel in 2008, I met a man Howshua Amariel, who is of
Cherokee Indian descent. I met him at Tel Arad, where the only excavated
House of Yahweh, in the land of Israel, is located. Most intriguing was
his information on the Cherokee Nation/People, showing that they were
of the Dispersed Tribes of Israel. His knowledge of the ancient
Paleo-Hebraic language was based on the fact that he was taught the
Cherokee language and aleph-bet. He is the first to write an
Hebrew/English translation of the Paleo-Hebraic Holy Scriptures. While
this is not an attempt to exalt a man, I think it is important to
understand that there are Cherokee Indians who have spent most of their
lives to prove their Hebrew heritage and have the proofs to back up past
historians. I saw most of his archaeological evidence and am a witness
to what is written about him to be true. What is most important is that
he has spent the last 15 years revealing the House of Yahweh in Tel Arad
to the world. I also found it to be interesting that a Cherokee Indian
Chief has devoted his life to protecting and promoting the House of
Yahweh in the land of Israel and sees the great importance of this most
awesome family name, House of Yahweh. Here is information on this man
and his studies.
Amariel was born in a family of Native American Cherokee (Hispanic)
they also share the distinctive belief on his Native American linage
that they are descendants from the lost tribe of Ephraim that came
originally from the Middle East around 2500 years ago to the Americas.
The family celebrates all the Israelite holidays, keeps Shabbat, follows
the laws of Kashrut, (dietary laws) and maintained the knowledge of the
old Hebrew language. Thus Mr. Amariel has dedicated his life to the
study of ancient Hebrew Torah.
with the Black Hebrews, Amariel has a notebook full of leaflets,
oceanography charts, genealogy maps, and linguistic analysis all
pointing towards his conclusion; that one of the Judean tribes wandered
through the Arabian Peninsula to Africa and established its own branch
of Judaism there.”
Howshua Amariel's quest went beyond proving to the State of Israel the
genetic link between the Black Indians and their Jewish brethren. He
also stated that many Africans are in fact Black Hebrews. As such, he is petitioning the Israeli government to grant them both the full right of return allowed to Ethiopian Jews.
"There are millions of us, who want to return here to Israel. People
say we are the lost tribe, but we are not lost, we know exactly who we
are." After Amariel’s statements there followed several articles and
additional DNA evidence from various members of the Cherokee Nation, which linked to the Jewish people.
However, the belief that some Native Americans were a Lost tribe of
Israel goes back for centuries and includes individuals like the 1782
President of the Continental Congress Elias Boudinot and Mordecai Noah,
the most influential Jew in the United States in the early 19th Century.
we have seen from the above mentioned articles, the Indians and most
notably the Cherokee Indians have kept many ordinances of the Laws of
Yahweh. They were a peaceful, spiritual people who believed in one
source of Power, one Spirit, one Creator of the universe and the earth.
Today, one of their kind was instrumental in revealing the founded House
of Yahweh in Israel.
RESEMBLANCES OF THE CHEROKEE AND HEBREW RELIGIOUS ORDINANCES
Cherokee Indians in their religious beliefs had similiar practices in
their beliefs, as our modern Hebrew counterparts, called the Jews. We
have already read that the original British Colonists who wrote about
the Early Cherokee or Old Cherokee (of the Mediavel Cherokee Era of the
1600s) report that they were some kind of Hebrews or Jewish Sect! These
include the reports of Payne, Butrick, and Adair. And Bartram (1701)
presented the Cherokee as unique among the other Native Americans as
they were NOT idolatrous, but seem to have some kind of God-fearing
religion, and belief in a ONE TRUE GOD! Now, while modern historians
tend to laugh at these claims, the records of this Era, seem to be
rather convincing--at face value. And thus the Early or Mediavel
Cherokee had some kind of Hebrew, if not Messianic (Jewish-Christian) Religion.
Below is similiar practices of the Cherokee people in comparison to the Jewish people.
- In their belief in one God.
- In the computation of time by their ceremonies of the new moon.
their divisions of the year in four seasons, answering to the Jewish
festivals of the feast of flowers, the day of atonement, the feast of
the tabernacle, and other religious holydays.
- In the erection of a temple after the manner of our temple, and having an ark of the covenant, and also the erection of altars.
- By the division of the nation into tribes with a chief or grand sachem at their head.
their laws of sacrifice, ablutions, marriages ceremonies in war and
peace, the prohibitions of eating certain things, fully carrying out the
Mosaic institutions; -- by their traditions, history, character,
appearance, affinity of their language to the Hebrew, and finally, by
that everlasting covenant of heirship exhibited in a perpetual
transmission of its seal in their flesh.
- Their dress: they also wore similar dress, including
the fringes on their garments. The high priest or chief, wore fringe
and tassels on his garment that hung down to the knees.
- They had the same manner of worship and customs, that are identical to Hebrew.
- The Cherokees have their own "DAY OF ATONEMENT: which is identical to Israel's.
- The Northern Cherokee Nation of Old Louisiana Territory has recently shocked the
world by claiming that their ancient oral legends tell of a Cherokee migration
made to America from the area in Israel known as MASADA!
- In marriage customs among many Indian tribes is very similar to the point of striking.
widow could not marry without the permission of her brother-in-law.
This custom only existed among the American Indians and the
- Their TOTEM corresponded in significance with the Israelites ARK OF THE COVENANT.
chest was carried on poles and could never touch the ground. In wartime
the Israelites carried the ark. The Cherokee and other
tribes, did the same with their totem.
The Yuchis tribes also have the same parallel:
year on the 15th day of the sacred month of harvest, in the fall, they
make a pilgrimage. For 8 days they live in "booths" with roofs open to
the sky, covered with branches, leaves, and foliage. During this
festival they call upon the Name of Yahweh. This is called the FESTIVAL
OF BOOTHS. This goes back to Moses and the exodus from ancient Egypt.
Cyrus Gordon of Brandeis Unv. in Boston, was priviledged to sit in on
one of the fall harvest feasts and listened to their chants,songs, and
sacred ceremonies. Being an expert in Hebrew, Minoan, and most Mid.
East. languages, he was incredulous! As he listened, he exclaimed to his
companion, "THEY ARE SPEAKING THE HEBREW NAMES OF GOD!"
not to make this too long, let me briefly mention many ancient Jewish
graves have been found in America. At the BAT CREEK STONE IN TENNESSEE,
org. thought to be just Cherokee (for their language is so
similar/identical); it was later identified as paleo-Hebrew and
recognized by Hebrew scholars of Hebrew text of that period.
Dr. Robert Steiglitz of New York reads it as "A COMET FOR THE HEBREWS," w/
reference to HALLEY'S COMET,WHICH HUNG OVER JERUSALEM "LIKE A FLAMING
SWORD" IN THE YEAR A.D. 69 DURING THE FIRST REVOLT."
THE EVIDENCE SHOWS THAT KENTUCKY AND TENNESSEE BECAME HAVENS OF
REFUGE FOR PERSECUTED HEBREWS OF ISRAEL!
So, let us take a brief look at some of the facts in the historical record and consider:
- Among the Israelites, the new moon was linked to the Sabbath, and the Festival of
- the New Moon was a Biblical feast.
- Among them too, ceremonies of the New Moon were of highest importance.
- 1- the Mediavel Cherokee Temple
- 2- their Religious Calendar and Holy Days
- 3- the Jewish "Indian" myths and legends that they taught, and lastly
their amazing Cherokee Combat Routine. And, thus, we should get a
reasonable picture of just what the Old Cherokee Religion was like.
The National Heptagon:
The Jewish Design of the Main Cherokee Temple
of the most Sacred things to most Jews, is the importance of the Temple
in Jerusalem. Apparently, the Mediviel Cherokee also had a similar
Cherokee Hebrews built a 7-sided Temple for the place of their main
worship. It faced East, as did the Temple in Jerusalem. Inside, was a
Sacred Fire, that was kept burning all year, and was re-lit on an Indian
Festival Day like Yom Kipper--as was the Menorah of the Temple in
Jerusalem. Moreover, they had a variety of Temple purification rituals
and activities, that seem to resemble those used in the Temple in
there is NO WAY that this is just "coincidental". Somewhere in the
Cherokee Origins, the Old Cherokee must have had Jewish contact!
Cherokee Corn Feasts Parallel Jewish Holy Days!
one of the more convincing evidences is that the Hebrews followed a
Religious Calendar of 7 main Festivals. And so did the Mediviel
Cherokee! Even more so, examination of these Celebrations show that they
were basically about the same thing--except that the Cherokee followed
the growing cycle of corn, rather than that of barley and wheat, as the
And for a brief summary, these Mediviel Cherokee Festivals were:
1- FIRST FULL MOON OF SPRING,
would have been literally the Day of Passover, and was accompanied by
the slaughter of a lot of animals to prepare the meat for that Feast
Day, and was set by the sprouting of the new grass of Spring (like the
Passover Barley)! [Not to mention the intensive Spring Cleaning of the
2- GREEN CORN FESTIVAL,
was when the corn first balled, so that it could be cooked and
eaten--similar to First Fruits, when the Barley was first edible.
(However, for the Cherokee, this occured later in the year, more towards
Summer, as the Climate in America was not as warm as in the Middle
3- MATURE or RIPE CORN FESTIVAL,
was set for 50 days after the Green Corn Festival (like Pentecost)--and
when the Sacred Fire in the Heptagon (like the Jewish Temple Menorah)
was re-lit for the next year!
4- GREAT NEW MOON FEAST,
was set as the first Full Moon of Autumn, and when Cherokee myth said
that the whole world was created (and similar to Rosh HaShannah)!
5- PROPITIATION and CEMENTATION CEREMONY,
cleansing one's soul of Sin, and joining in UNITY with the Community as
they ALL joined with the Creator--setting their relationship to HIM in
cement (and similar to the Day of Atonement, with its earlier Kol Nidre
purifications and making amends.) Moreover, as this ended the Torah
Study Cycle, many Jewish boys were often bar mitzvahed here, with an
appropriate ceremony for Cherokee lads, also.
6- FESTIVAL OF EXALTING or BONDING BUSH CEREMONY (week long),
or a very loose approximating of the 8 Day Feast of Tabernacles--and in the Fall.
the mathematical odds on these connections happening just by "accident"
are astronomical! Therefore, the Old Cherokee, back in Cherokee History
somehow, had to have Hebrew contact! And since they were observant of
Hebrew Festivals, they have to be Hebrew of some sort!
Jewish "Indians" Myths and Legends!
Cherokee myths very closely paralleled the Old Testament Bible Stories.
They had Aquahami (as Abraham) and Wasi or Washie (as Moses)--or
sometimes Hasi. Though, other Native American myths and legends seem to
have also gotten incorporated, here and there, too, along with the
standard Biblical line.
most dramatic of all, is the story of the First Man and First Woman.
For the ONE CREATOR made the world in 7 Days, similar to the Biblical
account! And, the First Cherokee Man was Kayanty (the hunter) and the
First Woman was Sheluva or Shelu (Sele is "corn"). Moreover, the First
Corn Woman was bitten by the evil snake, and thus brought death to all
the Redmen! (And there are MORE parallel tales!) They believed the
Creator to be ONE!
Jewish Ark Leads Battle Formation!
most convincing fact of their Hebrew roots of the Old Cherokee is seen
in the confirmed tale that when they went into combat, they took a
sacred ark (like the Hebrew) into battle with them. However, it was
smaller than the historical Jewish ark, and as a large basket was
carried by one warrior, who was also a Cherokee Priest. Now, no one but
Jews are going to be carrying a sacred ark into combat! And the odds
that they just developed this "coincidently" are out of this
world--especially when you consider with other correlations of
indicators which say they were Hebrew.
more about the Cherokee Indians religious beliefs, we find the
following information from, The History of the Cherokee Indians and
Their Legends and Folklore by Emmet Starr, 1921:
claimed that Yehowa was the name of a great king. He was a man and yet a
spirit, a great and glorious being. His name was never to be spoken in
common talk. This great king commanded them to rest every seventh day.
They were told not to work on this day and that they should devote it to
talking about God.
created the world in seven days at Nu-ta-te-qua or the first new moon
of autunm, with the fruits all ripe. God made the first man of red clay
and he was an Indian, and made woman of one of his ribs.''' All people
were Indians or red people before the flood. They had preachers and
prophets who taught the people to obey God and their parents. They
warned the people of the approaching flood, but said that the world
would only be destroyed by water once, and that later it would be
destroyed by fire, when God would send a shower of pitch and then a
shower of fire which would burn up everything. They also taught that
after death the good and the bad would be separated, the good would take
a path that would lead to happiness, where it would always be light,
but the bad would be urged along another path which would lead to a deep
chasm over which lay a pole with a dog at each end they would be urged
on to this pole and the dogs, by moving it, would throw them off into
the gulf of fire beneath. But if they' got over they would be transfixed
with red hot bars of iron and thus be tormented forever.
little before the flood men grew worse and worse. At length God sent a
messenger from above to warn the people of the flood unless they turned
from their wickedness. God then told a man to make a house that would
swim, take his family and some of the different kinds of animals into
it'.The rain commenced and continued for forty days and forty nights,
while the water at the same time gushed out of the ground, so that as"
much came up as came down from the clouds". The house was raised upon
the waters and borne away. At length the man sent out a raven, and after
some time, sent a dove, which came back with a leaf in her mouth. Soon
after this the man found the house was resting
the ground on the top of a mountain. This being in the spring of the
year. The family and all the animals left the house and the
family descended to the bottom of the mountain and commenced
their farming operations.
Cherokees detailed to the missionaries parallels to practically every
one of the stories of the Bible. They called Abraham, Aquahami; Moses
was called Wasi. These accounts were so circumstantial that many
investigators were led to believe that the Cherokees were of Semitic
origin. But it is palpable that they had been told these stories by
Priber during his short stay
them and that they had forgotten their origin within seventy years and
attributed it to legends that had descended from the mythical Kutani and
their primal religion. On account of the fact that the Cherokees
thought that the missionaries were bringing back to them their old
religion, it was a comparatively easy task to convert them from a tribe of savages to a Christian nation within the comparatively short period of thirty years. When
they were converted, they, at the behest of the missionaries cast aside
every vestige of their ancient customs to such an extent that not any
of their mythology has ever been preserved, even among those of the
tribe that speak the Cherokee language preferably.
THE RETURN OF YAHWEH’S PEOPLE
can see through historical accounts, that many of the Hebrew people
were dispersed throughout the world, just as the scriptures reveal. The
historical accounts of the dispersed nations, most notably the American
Indians, and the Cherokee Nation, is revealed to you, so that you can
see the evidence of written record. If anyone believes these historical
records to be fabricated, they would also have to believe that the
historical accounts were fabricated through a major undertaking of many
historians, explorers, governmental leaders, Jewish Rabbi’s, and
Nations. All this in the course of many hundreds of years. This would
have been an overwhelming task to do, even by today’s standards of
creating conspiracy theories. These people told their stories as they
saw these people from first contact. However, there is no doubt that
the culture and religion of the Indians were attempted to be
exterminated. They were converted, and their relics, destroyed, or taken
away never to be seen again. Their culture was disseminated and diluted
by Christian concepts of religion. Most peoples knowledge of the
Indians, the Cherokee in particular, is a picture of savage beasts who
killed and scalped the white man. This has been done in books, in
public/private schools, and most recently in Hollywoods portrayal of the
American Indian. Most of us who grew up in the age of television,
should be able to remember the cowboy and indian movies, and how they
were represented as the enemy of the white man!
reveals in the scriptures that He will gather His dispersed tribes, the
children of Israel, the remnant of Yaaqob/Yahdah in these extreme last
days. We find that the messengers of Yahweh go to the four corners of
the earth, where in the extreme last days before the return of Yahshua
Messiah, Yahweh’s elect will be gathered back together.
Yaaqob 1:1 “Yaaqob, a servant of Yahweh and of the King, Yahshua Messiah, to the twelve tribes scattered abroad. Greetings.”
Yeremyah 49:36 “And upon the hidden, concealed ones, will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of from the hidden, concealed ones of ancient times past, shall not come.”
Mattithyah 24:31 “And he shall send his messengers with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.”
Revelation 7:1 “And after these things I saw four messengers standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree. Saying: Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, until we have sealed the servants of our Father in their foreheads.”
FRINGES ON YOUR GARMENTS
have seen that fringes were worn on the garments of other nations in
their religious ceremonies and worship to their deity. We have also seen
that the Cherokee Indians wore fringes on their garments also, just
like the Law of Yahweh commands. The history that is given to you is to
show that we have other Hebrew tribes who carried the Laws of Yahweh to
their people. We can see that their interpretation of the Law may
differ, but we also need to keep an open mind as to how they practiced
their worship of Yahweh, in order to compare to the Kingdome of Judah.
We have proven that the Kingdom of Judah, called Jews today have no idea
where their concept of stings and knots originated. With that in mind,
let us keep an open mind into the study of Yahweh’s Laws examining the
etymology of the words and comparing them to what we see our Hebrew
brethren following the wearing of tzitzit on the borders of the
garments. Yahweh’s people were given command to wear a fringe on the
border of their garment. We see in this ancient stone carving the
children of Israel with the tzitzit on their garments.
Numbers 15:38 “Speak 1696 unto the children 1121 of Israel 3478, and bid 559 them that they make 6213 them fringes 6734 in the borders 3671 of their garments 899 throughout their generations 1755, and that they put 5414 upon the fringe 6734 of the borders 3671 a ribband 6616 of blue 8504.”
The word bid is #559 and means: to say, speak, utter; to bring to light.
The word make is #6213 and means: to do, fashion, accomplish, make; to produce by labour
The word fringes
is #6734 and means: something like a flower or feather; the borders,
the fringed areas, the forelock of the hair; from #6731--flower, bloom, a
wing, a shining plate. Root #6692--to blossom; shine, to flourish.
The word borders is #3671 and means: wing, extremity, edge, winged, border, corner, shirt; from #3670--to cover, to cover over.
The word garments is #899 and means: a covering, cloth; a garment; from #898--to act covertly, to act treacherously, deceitfully.
The word generations is #1755 and means: period, generation, habitation, dwelling; period, age, generation (period of time).
The word put is #5414 and means: to give, put, set; to teach; to set, to put, to place
The word ribband is #6616 and means: a thread, a line; from #6617--to twist, metaphorically: to be crafty.
The word blue is #8504 and means: violet; a shellfish; cerulean purple; #7827--onycha; Root #7826--peeling off.
We see the following meaning of Numbers 15:38: “Speak
unto the children of Israel and speak, bring to light, and say, to them
that they fashion, make, to produce by labour, something like a flower
or feather, the forelock of the hair, the fringed areas, like a wing, a
shining plate, to shine and flourish, in the wing, extremity, edge,
border to cover over, of their covering, cloth, garment, to act
covertly, throughout their generations and that they put, to give, set,
to teach, a thread, a line, to twist, to be crafty, of violet.”
we can see from the definitions of the words used in Numbers 15:38, the
children of Israel were to bring to light by fashioning something like a
flower or feather, fringe, on the edge of their covering garment. It
was also to be covertly worn. The word covertly
is defined as: Not openly practiced, avowed, engaged in, accumulated,
or shown. So we are told to not openly show this fringe, feather,
flower, which would be on our garment. It was to bring light to Yahweh’s
Laws, but was to not to be shown openly to those who are not the
children of Israel. This Law was for the children of Israel. This
garment was a covering garment. It was worn over the body. And it was
four sided as find in Deuteronomy 22:12.
Deuteronomy 22:12 “You shall make for yourself fringes upon the four quarters of your vesture, where you cover yourself.”
The word fringes is #1434 and means: twisted threads, tassels, festoons, tassels (on clothes), festoons (on capitals of columns); from #1431--to twist together, to bind together; to grow, to become great or important. Festoon is defined as: A string or garland, as of leaves or flowers, suspended in a loop or curve between two points.
The word quarters is #3671 and means: wing, extremity, edge (of a garment), winged, border, corner, shirt; from #3670--to cover, to cover over.
The word vesture
is #3682 and means: a covering, a cover; covering of the eyes; from
#3680--to cover over, conceal, hide, to cover over for protection; to
The word Cover is #3680 and means: to cover, conceal, hide; to pardon from sin; to cover over oneself.
With these definitions we see the following information: “You
shall make for yourself twisted tassels, bound together, as a string or
garland, as of leaves or flowers, a festoon-suspended in a loop or
curve between two points, upon the four edges, borders, winged corner
(of a garment), of your covering, conceal, hidden for protection, where
you cover, are pardoned from sin, to cover oneself.”
Numbers 15:39 “And it shall be unto you for a fringe 6734, that you may look 7200 upon it, and remember 2142 all the commandments 4687 of the LORD 3068, and do 6213 them; and that you seek 8446 not after 310 your own heart 3824 and your own eyes 5869, after 310 which you use to go a whoring 2181
The word fringe
is #6734 and means: something like a flower or feather; the borders,
the fringed areas; the forelock of the hair; from #6731--flower, bloom, a
wing. Root #6692--to blossom; shine, to flourish.
The word look is #7200 and means: to see, look at, inspect, perceive, consider; to behold.
The word remember is #2142 and means: to remember, recall, call to mind; to contemplate things brought back to memory.
The word do is #6213 and means: to do, fashion, accomplish, make; to attend, observe.
The word seek is #8446 and means: to seek, search out, spy out, explore, to go travel about.
The word after is #310 and means: hinder, behind, after.
The word heart is #3824 and means: heart; inner man, mind, will, heart, soul, understanding.
The word eyes is #5869 and means: eye; figuratively: of mental and spiritual faculties.
The word whoring is #2181 and means: to commit fornication, be a harlot, play the harlot.
With these definitions we find the following meaning: “And
it shall be unto you for a fringe, like a flower or feather, the
forelock of the hair, on the borders, fringed areas to shine, to
flourish, that you may see, look inspect, perceive, consider, to behold
upon it, and remember, recall, contemplate things brought back to
memory, all the commandments of Yahweh and to do, fashion, accomplish,
observe them; and that you seek not, to search out, to explore or travel
about, not after, hinder, behind, your own heart, understanding, or
will, and your own eyes, your mental and spiritual faculties, after
which you use to go play the harlot and commit fornication.”
thing we see from all these scriptures is that this twisted fringed
tassel, is like a flower or feather, that is part of the four corners of
the garment that you cover yourself with. It was to be concealed and
only for you to look upon so that you could remember the commandments of
Yahweh. We would be reminded to not go after our own understanding
where we committed fornication with the other gods. These tassels were
interwoven, bound together like leaves or flowers on the corners of the
garment tied in a curve or loop between two points. Since we know that
the garment had four points, the festoon tied at the top the two corners
and at the bottom, the two corners.
Festoon is shown as: A motif representing a decorative chain of foliage or fruit hanging between two points. Here is some illustrations of Festoons.
Here is a festoon necklace:
A feathered festoon:
A fringed garment with festoon around the neck:
A fringed Indian dress garment:
scriptures describe the Festoon which is feathered or flowered with
twisted strings, having a cord of violet, bound together and looping the
two corners, looking like a wing. Above is some pictures of festoons,
and we see that the Indians also had the fringes, festoons on their
garments. They used feathers, and had flowers with many colors, most
prominently was blue on these garments. The festoon is shaped like a
wing when the arms are extended outward. Yahweh has described in detail
the garment and it’s decoration, called a festoon. The definition of the
word fringes, has the meaning of forelock of hair, shining plate.
American Indians passed down the designs of their garments from
generation to generation and their garments are very close to the
description of the Hebrew words that is described in detail in Yahweh’s
Laws concerning the Holy covering garment. The fringes they wore are
described in Yahweh’s Laws and the four cornered garments they wore,
would have been much different than our modern garments. Below is some
pictures of clothing worn by our ancestors, notice the resemblance to
the Indian garments in these women from the Holy Land!
Middle Eastern women circa 1920, notice the fringes and the festoon on their necks.
Beduin woman 1880’s.
Biblical times the animal skins that were made into garments for the
Hebrew people, would have been from clean animals, such as deer, goat,
sheep, buffalo, and cattle. These animals had four legs which when worn
would have four corners when placed over the head and covering the body.
Much of the clothing was rectangular with four corners or legs. Because
modern wear is sewn and conformed to the body, we have forgotten the
clothing of our ancestors, and much of modern clothing and fashion is
not even close to what our ancestors wore. That is why when the Jews
wear a prayer shawl, called tallit, they make it rectangular and place
it over their body like a coverning garment. They understood the garment
had to be four cornered and they followed what they had been handed
down and from their interpretations of the Law. One thing we must
remember about the Indians is that they came over here thousands of
years ago, and didn’t have the persecution as our European, African, and
Asian Hebrew tribes endured. They weren’t assimilated into world ruling
governmental kingdoms, until the Europeans came to America. So much of
their history is still recorded for our learning, most importantly their
Holy garments! For us to deny this, is to deny the etymology of the
Hebrew words and their definitions.
FEATHERS AND THEIR SPIRITUAL MEANING AMONG MANY CULTURES
take a closer look at the spiritual/symbolic meanings of feathers that
our Hebrew Indian brothers used on their garments, as well as other
cultures from the other dispersed Hebrew tribes.
symbolic meaning of feathers deal with ascension and spiritual
evolution to a higher plane for many Indian tribes. Feathers were worn
by Native American Chiefs to symbolize their communication with the
Great Spirit, and to express their celestial wisdom.
Also in the Native American Indian culture, feathers represented the
power of the thunder gods, along with the power of air and wind. Native
American Indians used feathers for a variety of important purposes
including ornamentation and artwork as well as ceremonious and religious
Native American Pueblo Indians would pay homage to the Feathered Sun which is a symbol of the cosmos and the center of existence.
Another symbol meaning of feathers also revolves around prayer, and the
Pueblo use feather sticks as they dance in prayer for rain during
Different species of Indian feathers had different meanings. Eagle Feathers
are the most respected by the Native American people. Eagle feathers
are thought to show courage, strength, truth and majesty. In fact many
Native American people believed that all birds of prey had a special
connection with Yahweh. The golden eagle in particular was thought to be
a messenger for Yahweh. It was believed that the eagle carried messages
from man to Yahweh and from Yahweh to man.
earned a feather each time he did something the tribe felt was a brave
act. Many times, the first feather earned by a warrior was given to him
for being seen as an adult member of the tribe. However, the warrior was
not just given the feather. The warrior had to prepare himself to
receive such an honor and that often require days of fasting and
meditation. Each time the warrior earned a feather, he would either wear
it (but he only wore a couple into battle) or put it on a pole used for
special occasions. Once he had collected enough feathers, they were
then made into a headdress. Because each feather had a special meaning,
binding them together in a headdress made that Indian headdress even
more special. Only the men, closest friends of the warrior, were
involved in making the headdress. The Indian chiefs also “earned” each
of their feathers. The most prized of all feathers to receive for an
Indian headdress was the Golden Eagle feather. Because the Indians saw
the eagle as a messenger of Yahweh, this feather could only be earned
through hardship, loyalty, and strength.
a Celtic symbol meaning, the feather was worn by Druids in the form of
ornate feathered robes. Celtic Druids donned these robes in ceremonies
to invoke the sky gods
and gain knowledge of the celestial realm. It was believed that the
feathered cloak along with the presence of the sky gods would allow the
Druid to transcend the earthly plane and enter the ethereal realm.
The Egyptians believed that feathers were symbolic of sky gods too. Ma'at, the Egyptian goddess of justice, would weigh the hearts of the newly dead in the underworld against the weight of a feather to determine the worthiness of his or her soul.
In Christianity feathers represented virtues.
In fact, an image of three feathers were made into signet rings - each
feather symbolizing Charity, hope, and faith. These rings were worn as a
symbol of a virtuous soul - they were also used as wax seals. The ring
would be dipped in warm wax then pressed against documents to seal the
closure. The recipient would know the documents came from a virtuous man
by the indication of the three-feather symbol in the wax.
In dreams feathers mean travel or the ability to move more freely in life. White feathers in dreams indicate innocence or a fresh start in a spiritual sense.
has shown in the Hebrew words to describe the decoration of the Holy
Garment, that there is enough historical records and even pictures
available to show each tribes own perspective on what the garment should
look like. As mentioned in Numbers 15:38 and Deuteronomy 22:12 the
words used give us enough detail to arrive at a conclusion that even
though each tribe may have different looks to their garments, their
whole intent is to remember the Creator, His Laws, and to acknowledge
Him as the Supreme power in the universe. While I am not condoning every
spiritual aspect of every Indian tribe, nor the Jews for their
following of traditions. I feel that we as the people of Yahweh need to
examine the material presented and look at Yahweh’s Holy Garments with
open minds, not Judaic traditions. Yahweh is not limited to one
religious, or man’s interpretation, or view, of what He believes to be
true. Since the Hebrew language is so complex in it’s definitions, we
should not paint ourselves into a corner and say that this is the only
way, because this is how we have been doing it for hundreds of years,
and the Jews have to be right! I would say the Hebrew people have been
the most persecuted, infiltrated, and absorbed people of any other
nation that is recorded in European/Asian history.
because they were conquered by so many pagan religious nations, I would
have to say that they have lost the purity of Yahweh’s understanding.
Most importantly, because the Jewish people have rejected Yahshua as the
Messiah, one of their own brothers, who came to teach the pureness of
the Torah and it’s vital essence to knowledge and wisdom of Yahweh. We
have seen in their own writings that their poskim ("decisors of Jewish
law") can’t agree on the tzitzits knots/tying/colors and have
interpreted the requirement in various ways. I would like to say that
none are totally right, but they may not be wrong either!
fact is, no one has seen a Holy Garment from Mosheh’s day, and the
interpretation of how it should look, is still left up to each persons
understanding of the Hebrew language and descriptions. There is no doubt
that our Hebrew Indian brothers have passed down their belief, and it
cannot be discounted and thrown away, because it does fit the Hebrew
defintions, more so than their Jewish counterparts. The evidence is
overwhelming showing that Yahweh has allowed us
to see Holy Garments, that have been kept out of the reach of the
infiltration of pagan religious ideology. We know that before
Christopher Columbus, and the Americas were not inhabited by any other
nations, except the Indians. They were not conquered by the Medes,
Persians, Greeks, Babylonians, Egyptians, and Romans! If any religious
interpretations concerning the Holy Garments have been kept hidden,
preserved, and protected, it would be the American Cherokees Indians and
several other tribes, religious culture and depiction of the Holy
we look at the description of the fringes, quarters, and borders of the
Holy Garment, we see that the word feather or wing is a description
that is in the words. We have also read of the importance of the eagle
to the Indian and it’s spiritual connection to Yahweh. There is many
scriptures that have the usage of the eagle and it’s wings or covering,
described as wings. It is important to understand these words to get a
better understanding of how they fit in with the description of the Holy
Garments. When Yahweh brought our forefathers out of Egypt He described
their deliverance as Him lifting the children of Israel out of Egypt on
the wings of eagles!
Exodus 19:4 “You have seen 7200 what I did 6213 unto the Egyptians 4714, and [how] I bare 5375 you on eagles 5404' wings 3671, and brought 935 you unto myself.”
The word seen is #7200 and means: to see, look at, inspect, perceive, consider, learn about, observe.
The word did is #6213 and means: to labour, to work about anything; to make, to produce, to create, to produce it from oneself.
The word bare
is #5375 and means: to lift, bear up, carry, take; to swear; to bear
anyones sins, to expiate, to pardon sin; to accept the person of anyone,
to hear their prayers.
The word eagles is #5404 and means: an eagle; from an unused root meaning to lacerate.
The word wings is #3671 and means: wing, extremity, edge (of a garment), winged, border, corner, shirt; from #3670--to cover, to cover over.
The word brought
is #935 and means: to come in, to enter, to enter into the House, of
judgment; to come to pass, to cause to come in, to lead in (as a wife);
We see from the definitions Exodus 19:4 has the meaning of: “You
have seen, looked, perceived, learned about, and observed, what I did,
to labour, to produce from myself, unto the Egpytians, and how I lifted,
carried, your sins, and pardoned them to accept the hearing of your
prayers, to bare you on eagles, to lacerate the, wings, corner,
extremity of a garment, to cover over and to enter into the House, of
judgment, to lead in and gather as a wife.”
we know from scripture concerning the exodus from Egypt, Yahweh brought
judgement upon the gods and heard the prayers of His people. He is the
one who carried his children, pardoning their sins, carrying them out of
the land of sin, cutting them out, like the cutting of the corner of a
garment, to cover them and lead them as a husband does with his wife!
The cutting of the corner of the garment was symbolic of establishing
authority and headship in the times of old. As we read previously in
this article, we saw the symbolic act, in the story of David, when he
cuts the corner of Shaul’s garment.
I Samuel 24:5 “And it came to pass afterward, that David’s heart smote him, because he had cut off Shaul’s skirt.”
I Samuyl 24:20 “Now I know that you will become king.”
is what Yahweh was revealing to the children of Israel in this
scripture in Exodus 19:4. He had cut off the garments of Pharoah’s rule,
and had taken authority from him in order to save His children and
people. He showed Egypt His Power and Authority. Even the Egyptians
understood the symbolism when referring to eagles wings, as a Hebrew
we wear the Garments and follow the precepts and ordinances that
Yahweh’ specifies in His Law on how they should be ordorned, we are
showing Yahweh’s authority over us. We are reminded of His Great Laws
and the Judgment that they bring upon us! They judge in righteousness,
fairness, equity, and we receive justice! Our only obligation is that we
must follow them! King David understood the Judgment of Yahweh, and He
understood the Holy Garments of Yahweh and what they represented.
II Samuyl 22:11 “And he rode 7392 upon a cherub 3742, and did fly 5774 : and he was seen 7200 upon the wings 3671 of the wind 7307.”
The word rode
is #7392 and means: to mount and ride, (on an animal, horseman,
chariot); to be carried, to ride, to cause to ride upon the wings of the
The word cherub is #3742 and means: cherub; and angelic being, as flanking Yahweh’s throne; as the chariot of Yahweh.
The word fly is #5774 and means: to fly, to cover especially with feathers, wings, to fly away; to cover with darkness, to brandish.
The word seen is #7200 and means: to see, look at, have vision, to see the face of Yahweh; to behold.
The word wings is #3671 and means: wing, extremity, edge (of a garment), winged, border, corner, shirt; from #3670--to cover, to cover over.
The word wind is
#7307 and means: spirit, breath, spirit of Yahweh, the divine power,
the wind is called the blast of Yahweh; as the four quarters of heaven;
the rational mind, thinking and acting in a steadfast mind; of will and
see that David was revealing to us, the power and authority of Yahweh.
This whole chapter is David’s life summarization of what Yahweh meant to
Him. He reveals to us the Power and Love of our Creator, who loved Him.
We can see that II Samuel 22:11 has the meaning of:
He mounted and rode His chariot, to cause to ride upon the wings of the
wind upon a cherub, an angelic being, who flanks Yahweh’s throne, and
did fly, to cover especially with feathers, to fly away, to cover with
darkness, to brandish, and he was seen, to have vision his face to
behold, upon the edge of His Garment, to cover over me, of the spirit of
Yahweh, as the four quarters of heaven, his divine power, the rational
mind, thinking and acting in a steadfast mind, of His will and counsel.”
garments we wear is symbolic of Yahweh’s authority over us! He is our
Head and Power! They remind us of His Laws, which are powerful. They
bring blessings or they bring curses to us, depending on what we do!
Their judgment is Yahweh’s power! The Holy Garment has four corners, the
earth is described as having four corners. Yahweh’s Power reigns
throughout the four corners of this earth, just like the four corners of
His Garment cover the earth, they also cover us! We see that the wind
is defined as blowing on the four quarters of heaven.
“Then said He unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, an
say to the wind, Thus says the Mighty Judge, Yahweh; Come from the four
winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.”
isn’t the wind, but the Power of Yahweh, His will and Counsel that
breathes upon the slain, that they may live. King David was a man who
understood Yahweh’s Power and wore the Holy Garments to remind Him of
Yahweh’s authority and power! Reading further in II Samuel the 22nd
chapter we find more about Yahweh’s judgment.
II Samuel 22:22 “For I have kept the ways of Yahweh, and have not wickedly departed from my Mighty Judge. For all His Judgments were before me: and His statutes, I did not depart from them.
I was also upright, before Him, and have kept myself from my iniquity.
Therefore Yahweh has recompensed me according to my righteousness;
according to my cleanness in his eye sight. With the merciful you will
show yourself merciful, and with the upright man you will show yourself
If we are righteous, by following Yahweh’s Laws, he compensates us. This is done through the Power of His Judgments. We are taught through Yahweh’s Law, Judgment:
blessings and curses, righteousness and evil, clean and unclean, purity
and defilement, mercy and justice, salvation and damnation, life and
The Holy Garments remind us of all of these things. We see how Yahweh
brought the children of Israel out of Egypt with a Mighty Hand, or
Mighty Judgment. He then taught them all the Mighty Judgments of His
Law, which consisted of laws, statutes, commandments, precepts,
ordinances, and judgments. They all encompass judgment! We will be
judged according to our works, and the terms and conditions that we will
be judged by will be Yahweh’s entire body of Laws. This is what the
Holy Garments should always remind us of, as they reminded so many other
men and women of Yahweh. When we wear the adornment of Yahweh, His
specified garment, we are under His wings. We can see that through the
description of how they are to be made, and what is to adorn them to
remind us of His covering!
Psalm 17:8 “Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings.”
Psalm 36:7 “How excellent is your lovingkindness, O Mighty Judge! therefore the children of mankind put their trust under the shadow (protection) of thy wings (covering garment).”
covering garment is His Laws which bring Righteous Judgment and
protection. Who would want to be judged by anyone else than our creator.
We know He will show His love and mercy towards us and protect us. In
the Law and Prophets, we see His plan of salvation, which is our
salvation, Yahshua Messiah. Yahweh has given all things unto Him, and we
enter the Most Holy Place through His shed blood. This is our entrance
into the Covenant of Yahweh. The true Covenant of Peace!
Psalm 61:4 “I will abide in your tabernacle for ever: I will trust in the covert of thy wings. Selah”
tabernacle is His House, Tabernacle, Tent. We cover our House, when we
put on Yahweh’s covering garment. This is something that is not worn in
public for all to see. It is used to cover us when we come before
Yahweh’s presence. Now I am not saying one cannot wear a Holy Garment
when going about in their day to day business. But it must be something
that is not revealed to those who are not in Covenant with Yahweh. It is
a Holy Covering Garment, and
those who enter into the Covenant Relationship with Him can wear these
Garments. They are Holy, and only understood by those who are Holy. As
we saw in the Indian Chief’s Garment, he was the only one who wore a
specific feathered headdress. It was through years of bravery, wisdom,
and knowledge that he was elevated to the office of Chief. The other
Indians acquired their feathers, in the same way, and made their
garments showing these to their people, in reverence and in honor. They
did not wear them when going to war, or even to reveal to others. They
were unique within their own family or tribe. We as the children of
Yahweh need to be aware of our uniqueness when wearing our Holy
Garments. Most would not understand and would most likely ridicule such a
garment. We must not give what is Holy to the dogs, as the scripture
shows. These things must be not be taken lightly. They are Holy Garments
because they represent Holy Laws, Holy Judgment, Holy Spirit, a Holy
High Priest over a Holy Priesthood, and a Righteous and Holy Father, who
is a loving, kind, and a merciful Creator. They remind us of the
Yahweh’s righteous body of Laws, which bring us to Yahshua Messiah.
Yahweh has shown us that He will carry us on eagles wings, in these last
Revelation 12:14 “And 2532 to the woman 1135 were given 1325 two 1417 wings 4420 of a great 3173 eagle 105, that 2443 she might fly 4072 into 1519 the wilderness 2048, into 1519 her 846 place 5117, where 3699 she is nourished 5142 for a time 1563 2540, and 2532 times 2540, and 2532 half 2255 a time 2540, from 575 the face 4383 of the serpent.3789
The word and is #2532 and means: and, also, indeed.
The word woman
is #1135 and means: woman of any age, whether a virgin, or married, or a
widow; a wife, of a betrothed woman. From #1096--to become, i.e. to
come into existence, begin to be, receive being; to become, i.e. to come
to pass, happen, of events; to arise, appear in history, come upon the
The word given
is #1325 and means: to give; to give something to someone, of one's own
accord to give one something, to his advantage; to bestow a gift, to
grant, give to one asking, let have, to supply, furnish, necessary
things, to give over, deliver; to appoint to an office.
The word two is #1417 and means: the two.
The word wings is #4420 and means: a wing, of birds; from a derivative of #4072--to fly, of a feather.
The word great
is #3173 and means: great; predicated of rank, as belonging to,
persons, eminent for ability, virtue, authority, power; of number and
quantity: numerous, large, abundant, of age: the elder; of Yahweh’s
The word eagle
is #105 and means: an eagle, an eagle as a standard; from #109--the
air, particularly the lower and denser air as distinguished from the
higher and rarer air.
The word that is #2443 and means: that, in order that, so that.
The word fly is 34071 and means: to fly.
The word into is #1519 and means: into, towards, among.
The word wilderness
is #2048 and means: solitary, lonely, desolate, uninhabited; used of
persons; deserted by others; deprived of the aid and protection of
others, especially of friends, acquaintances, kindred.
The word her is #846 and means: her, the same.
The word place
is #5117 and means: place, any portion or space marked off, as it were
from surrounding space, an inhabited place, as a city, village,
district, a place (passage) in a book metaphorically: the condition or
station held by one in any company or assembly, opportunity, power,
occasion for acting.
The word where is #3699 and means: where; whereas.
The word nourished is #5142 and means: to nourish, support; feed; to give suck, to fatten; to bring up, nurture.
The word time is
#1563/2540 and means: there, in or to that place; #2540-- due measure; a
measure of time, a larger or smaller portion of time, hence: a fixed
and definite time, the time when things are brought to crisis, the
decisive epoch waited for
The word half is #2255 and means: half; through the idea of partition.
The word from
is #575 and means: of separation, of local separation, after verbs of
motion from a place i.e. of departing, of fleeing, of separation of a
part from the whole; where of a whole some part is taken, of any kind of
separation of one thing from another by which the union or fellowship
of the two is destroyed.
The word face
is #4383 and means: the face; the front of the human head, countenance,
look; the face so far forth as it is the organ of sight, and by it
various movements and changes) the index of the inward thoughts and
feelings; used in expressions which denote to regard the person in one's
judgment and treatment of men
The word serpent
is #3789 and means: snake, serpent; with the ancients, the serpent was
an emblem of cunning and wisdom. The serpent who deceived Eve was
regarded by the Jews as the devil. from #3700--snake, serpent; with the
ancients, the serpent was an emblem of cunning and wisdom. The serpent
who deceived Eve was regarded by the Jews as the devil.
With the definitions in place we find the following: “And
indeed, to the woman, a betrothed woman, married, to come into
existence, come upon the stage, were given something of one’s accord, to
his advantage, furnishing the necessary things, appointing to an
office, the two wings of a feather, to fly, of a great authority, power
of number and quantity, the elders of Yahweh’s preeminent blessings, an
eagle as the standard, on the air, in order that she might fly, towards,
among, the desolate, uninhabited, kindred, into, towards, the same,
place, an inhabited place, where she is to nourish, support, feed to
nurture, for a due measure, a fixed and definite time, the time when
things are brought to a crisis, the decisive epoch waited for, and to
that place for a fixed and definite time, and half, through the idea of
partition a fixed and definite time, of separation, departing, fleeing,
separate from the whole, the kind of separation of one thing from
another by which the union of fellowship of the two is destroyed,
separating, departing, from the face, the inward thoughts and feelings,
used in expressions which denote to regard the person in ones’ judgment
and treatment of men, of the ancients cunning and wisdom emblems.”
see that the woman, the House of Yahweh, the body of believers, come
into existence upon the stage in these last days, and will be furnished
the necessary things for salvation, where we will fly to the uninhabited
kindred where we will nourish or feed for a time, even to the time of
crisis, separate from the whole body, where the fellowship of the two is
destroyed, from the face of where we were judged by and treated,
without care for our thoughts and feelings, by cunning and wise emblems
of the ancients. The Holy Garments described as wings and feathers are a
reminder of what brings us to salvation.
Isayah 40:31 ”But they that wait 6960 upon the LORD 3068 shall renew 2498 [their] strength 3581; they shall mount up 5927 with wings 83 as eagles 5404; they shall run 7323 , and not be weary 3021 ; [and] they shall walk 3212 , and not faint 3286 .
The word wait is #6960 which means: to wait, look for, hope, expect; to collect, bind together.
The word renew is #2498 which means: to wait, look for, hope, expect; to change; to cause to sprout forth, revive.
The word strength is #3581 which means: strength, power, might; the ability, power of doing anything.
The word mount up
is #5927 which means: to go up, ascend, climb; to go from a lower
region to a higher; to overcome; to increase, to become strong.
The word wings is #83 which means: a wing, a feather; from #82--to strive upward, to mount, to soar, to fly, passing over, surpassing.
The word eagles is #5404 which means: an eagle; to lacerate.
The word run is #7323 which means: to run, to cause to hasten.
The word weary is #3021 which means: to toil, labour, grow weary, be weary.
The word walk is #3212 which means: to go, walk, come; to follow any manner of life.
The word faint is #3286 which means: to be or grow weary, be fatigued, be faint
With the definitions of these words in Isayah 40:31 we find the following meaning: “But
they that wait, hope, collect, bind together upon Yahweh, shall wait,
look for, to change, to cause to sprout forth, their strength, having
the power to do anything; they shall go up, to overcome going from a
lower region to a higher one, becoming strong, with wings, as a feather,
to fly, passing over, surpassing as eagles, to lacerate; they shall
run, to cause to hasten, and not be weary, from their labour, and they
shall walk, to follow the manner of Yahweh’s life, and not grow weary or
who perform Yahweh’s will, will not grow tired, and will have the power
to do anything according to Yahweh’s will. The wearing of the Holy
Garments are a reminder of the strength of Yahweh. They remind us of the
change that we are experiencing, soaring as an eagle above the storm.
They are unique and resemble Yahweh’s creation, and they we are created
beings. A special chosen treasure.
YAHSHUA WORE A HOLY GARMENT WITH FRINGES
the Holy Scriptures we find that Yahshua Messiah kept the Law of the
Holy Garment. We find that He wore it when preaching and being among the
believers. His garment had fringes on it, that showed that it was
visible enough that someone could touch them.
“And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve
years, came behind Him, and touched the hem of His garment.”
The word hem is #2899 which means: the extremity or prominent part of a thing, edge, skirt, margin; the fringe of a garment.
The word garment
is #2440 which means: a garment (of any sort), garments, i.e. the cloak
or mantle and the tunic; the upper garment, the cloak or mantle.
Definition of cloak: A loose outer garment, such as a cape.
Definition of mantle: A loose sleeveless coat worn over outer garments; a cloak. Something that covers, envelops, or conceals
can see from the definitions of these words, that Yahshua wore a
garment, like a cloak or mantle, with fringes on it. It was a garment
that is described as worn over the outer garments, like a cape. The
scriptures don’t tell us enough information to say whether it was
something that was worn everyday, as a normal part of their garments, or
a special garment. We do know from history that the Hebrew people did
wear outer garments over their undergarments. We do know from the words
described that this garment did have fringes on it.
The prophets wore what is described as a mantle or robe. We see that King Shaul ripped a part of Samuel’s mantle or robe.
I Samuel 15:27 “And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold upon the skirt of his mantle, and it tore.”
Shaul took hold of the skirt, or the extreme edge, border of Samuels
garment and tore it from the garment. This was a revealing of His power
and authority of being King being torn from Him. This is the evidence of
what this garment represented. The wearer was showing Yahweh’s power
and authority that they carried by this fringed, bordered, garment.
I Samuel 15:28,29 “Then Samuel said unto him, Yahweh has torn the Kingdom of Israel from you this day,
and has given it to a fellow friend of yours, that is better than you.
And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent; for He is not a
man, that He should repent.
can see that the prophets wore a fringed garment as commanded by Yahweh
in His Laws. So we know that this is something every true believer of
Yahweh should also do in accordance with Yahweh’s Laws. It shows the
strength of Israel, our beloved Heavenly Father Yahweh.
is much debate and hostility towards the Holy Garment, by many
religious leaders. I would be willing to say that most Jews would not
accept a Garment that is made as seen by our Hebrew Indian brothers. So
is there only one specific way it should look? Does is have to have
knotted threads tied in a certain pattern? Is it feathers, and flowered?
Does it have the design of the festoon? I think that through the
definitions of the hebrew words, we have shown that as long as the
commandment is kept according to the words defined, there could be
several options, as long as the wearer understands the importance of
what the fringes represent, and what the garment is reminding the
wearer. It has been shown that this is not a gender biased garment. Is
Yahweh only allowing men to remember His commandments or women too? We
know that the High Priest wore specific garments and it was reserved
only for the male High Priest. However the Holy Garment mentioned in
Numbers and Deuteronomy does not specify for males only. Women wear
fringes on their garments today, more than men do. They also wear
Festoon necklaces. I have also seen feathers to be very popular among
the jewelry of many womens adornments. We have seen that our Hebrew
Indian brethren used the feathers as fringes, as well as other
adornments on their garments. Men and women should always be reminded of
Yahweh’s commandments. It is not the intention of this article to tell
anyone who, how, why, or what they should do. Yahweh already does this.
May this article open your mind to the understanding of Yahweh’s Holy
Garments and may they always remind you of His Torah.
information herein enclosed is put before you to help you make an
informed decision on the Holy Garments of Yahweh. It is not presented to
put down any religion or belief, or any traditions of men. This
information is collected to help you understand a view of the Law of
Yahweh, that has never been presented in this format. Hopefully it has
been helpful to you in designing your Holy Garment according to Yahweh’s
Law. The Men and Women of Yahweh should always be reminded of these
Laws by keeping the commandment.
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